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Published on Friday, December 12, 2008 by Foreign Policy In Focus
Mumbai Wake-up Call
A few months ago, trucks loaded with goods crossed a border. All over the world, this kind of thing happens every day, but not here. October marked the first time in 60 years that Indian trucks loaded with apples and walnuts traveled to
Around the same time,
All of this goodwill is now frozen, stopped by a hail of bullets and the deafening crash of bombs in Mumbai. The attacks - shocking in their lethality and their high level of coordination - left more than 170 people dead. Beginning on November 26,, heavily armed gunmen fanned out in the city of
On Tuesday, the Indian government released the names of the nine dead gunmen, announcing that they were all Pakistani and that they were part of a larger cell of more than 20 men committed to carrying out these attacks. A tenth gunman - Pakistani villager Mohammed Ajmal Kasab - was apprehended and remains in custody. This new information strengthens allegations that the attacks were the work of the Pakistani-based Laskar-e-Taiba organization, which has in the past received training and support from
Pakistani President Asif Ali Zardari responded to these threats and the allegations of Pakistani involvement in the attacks with a New York Times op-ed , in which he asserted that "
The addition of this specific detail is not accidental or incidental. Those F-16 fighters are made in the
Against the backdrop of this latest wave of brutal violence (and as both sides brandish their military might) an examination of
Sixty Years, Three Wars
Both nations have fought three wars in their 60-year history and continue to clash over the
An estimated 68,000 people have died in
Even before the Mumbai attacks, the peace process was dragging. This fall in
With a huge population and a burgeoning middle class,
Military Aid U.S.
Despite continued violent political upheaval, a dismal human rights record and a long legacy of dictatorship,
In the wake of the Mumbai attacks and continued violence along the Pakistan-Afghanistan border, these "all the weapons you want" policies are now under review. In a new classified assessment of U.S strategy towards
These alarming developments could bear bitter and dangerous fruit for years to come. How the incoming Obama administration chooses to respond will have broad implications across a range of issues: affecting ongoing relations between the two competitors, fanning or dampening tensions along Pakistan's border with Afghanistan, provoking or discouraging nuclear proliferation concerns, and impacting how the United States succeeds or fails in the broader war on terrorism. As a start, perhaps the Obama administration should encourage
© 2008 Foreign Policy In Focus
Frida Berrigan  is a Senior Program Associate at the New America Foundation's Arms and Security Initiative  (ASI). She is a columnist for Foreign Policy in Focus  and a contributing editor at In These Times. The recently released Weapons at War 2008: Beyond the Bush Legacy , co-authored by Berrigan and William D. Hartung, is an examination of
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"The master class has always declared the wars; the subject class has always fought the battles. The master class has had all to gain and nothing to lose, while the subject class has had nothing to gain and everything to lose--especially their lives." Eugene Victor Debs