Wednesday, December 11, 2019

Why Impeachment Matters, Regardless of the Outcome

Published on Portside (

Why Impeachment Matters, Regardless of the Outcome

December 10, 2019
Chris Winters
Yes! Magazine

  As I’m writing this, the House Judiciary Committee has unveiled two articles of impeachment against President Trump which, according to my awesome powers of precognition, are going to get approved by the U.S. House of Representatives only to get voted down later in the Senate.

  Snark aside: The only area of ambiguity so far has been how many articles of impeachment the Democrats would draw up, even though the House leadership was notoriously skittish about doing so until Trump’s egregious extortion of Ukraine President Volodymyr Zelensky was exposed in September. Most analysts believe the Republicans will vote to protect their leader, facts be damned.

  So why are we doing this? While it’s highly unlikely Trump will be removed from power before the 2020 election, there are a couple arguments to be made that impeaching him serves a higher purpose, even if the outcome is most likely a foregone conclusion.

One is a moral argument. The language in the Constitution lays out Congress’ sole authority to impeach and remove the president and other officers of the federal government. The framers’ intent to hold the president accountable stemmed not just from idealism, but from a very real fear that the head of state could be subservient to corruption by a foreign power, hence the “treason, bribery, or other high crimes and misdemeanors” language in Article 2, Section 4. The English Civil War and Stuart Restoration provided the founders a then-recent example of heads of state (King Charles I and II) working with the enemy (France) to subvert Parliament.

  The framers sought to avoid a repeat of that experience. And yet, Donald Trump appears to be exactly the sort of president they had in mind when they wrote the impeachment clause: corrupt, criminal and willing to sacrifice national security for his personal and political interests. By definition, he should be impeached, and if he isn’t, then we might as well give up and admit that the president is above the law. Because if not him, then whom?

  But with today’s polarized environment, there’s a risk that the impeachment process will be seen as not just partisan politics, but nothing more than political theater. What is to stop a future Republican-controlled House from automatically working to impeach a Democratic president, out of pure spite? (One could argue the impeachment of Bill Clinton was one such example of an investigation in search of a crime, but Clinton was, in fact, impeached on a charge of lying to a federal investigator, something which Trump is almost certain to have done to Special Counsel Robert Mueller.)

  That could happen, but the more important question is directed at the rest of us who watch from the sidelines: What can we do about this if impeachment won’t stop Trump, since the chance impeachment will deter Trump from doubling down on his lawlessness is effectively zero? Should we do anything, or just go into the election voting for who we planned to, as if none of this mattered? Most polls show now that most people made up their mind about Trump and the impeachment process a while ago—support (or lack thereof) has been remarkably consistent since the beginning, with the only shift occurring when the Ukraine scandal broke in September.

  Certainly, the Republicans’ arguments in defense of the president have amounted to little more than denying facts that have been thoroughly documented and testified to, for regurgitation on Fox News and the right-wing blogosphere. Short of a John Dean-style explosive revelation on television, the needle is unlikely to move very far in one direction or the other, regardless of what happens in the impeachment proceedings.

   But there’s another argument as to why impeachment is necessary: Rather than let the impeachment process fade and become background noise to the 2020 election, it makes good political sense to keep on beating that drum. Here’s why.

   The 2020 presidential election is probably going to be the most significant presidential election the country has had since Abraham Lincoln won in 1860. If Trump wins re-election, it could be the last election we have that isn’t an outright sham (if this election doesn’t turn out that way anyhow).

   But electing a president is not the only deal on the table. Stopping Trump is the top priority, but ensuring that the Trumpists in government lose wherever they hold power is just as important if we ever want to undo the damage already done to the country. That means protecting the House, taking the Senate, reversing Republican court-packing, and carrying the fight forward into the redistricting battles of early 2021 and the statehouse elections later that year. If progressives want to win not just a battle, but the entire war, they’ll have to both defeat Republicans and pressure moderate Democrats to do the right thing, while laying the groundwork for the next generation of progressive leaders.

   If Democrats, and especially the progressives in the party, can’t do that, then even winning the presidency may be a short-term victory. And right now, the Republicans have a deep institutional advantage.

   The reason we’ve come to this point is that a movement based on White supremacy, robber-baron capitalism, and intolerant religiosity has gained control over one of the two political parties, and the other party is just now (mostly) waking up to this fact.

  It doesn’t really matter when this started: whether it’s the natural extension of the Tea Party, or stems from Newt Gingrich’s drive to delegitimize any Democratic rule, or even from the earlier paranoid conspiracy theories of the John Birch Society (which is still around, by the way) or other fringe groups.

   What matters is that the far-right has decades of experience mobilizing in communities, getting people elected to school boards and town councils, where they try to ban books or police bedrooms, which creates a deep back-bench of talent to later rise up to state legislatures and ultimately to Congress and the federal government.

   There also is an ecosystem of right-wing think tanks, foremost among them the Federalist Society, whose sole purpose is to develop a well of legal talent and provide their young recruits with career guidance and a nationwide network bound by ideology. Current Supreme Court Justices Clarence Thomas, Samuel Alito, Neil Gorsuch and Brett Kavanaugh, and Chief Justice John Roberts are members of or enjoyed the support of the Society. And there are many wealthy patrons, notable among them Charles Koch and his late brother David Koch, who have funded those think tanks and insurgent candidates, especially since the 2010 Citizens United Supreme Court ruling removed many restrictions on dark money in campaigns.

   The right laid down the foundations of this movement years ago, and is now reaping the rewards. The Trump Administration has been rightly criticized for being little more than a wealth-protection and enhancement scheme for the president, his family and fellow billionaires, but the political victories they’ve achieved have included destroying the apparatus of a regulatory state, and ramming through a record number of under- and un-qualified judges to lifetime appointments in the federal courts, where they will influence society and the law for decades to come, regardless of who sits in the Oval Office.

   The 2018 midterm elections were proof that local organization matters, as Democrats replaced party stalwarts with young progressives and flipped formerly Republican districts into Democratic ones. A few off-year elections in which a few key governor’s races and statehouses also turned blue pointed to the momentum Democrats have going into 2020.

  They’ll need to maintain that energy. There needs to be a much deeper bench of progressive talent to draw from if today’s wins are to be sustainable. The most reactionary elements of the right have been working on this since the 1980s. If progressives don’t take charge on building that movement now, all their recent wins will prove to be temporary.

  More than anything else, the historically unpopular Trump Administration has proved to be a rallying point for the left. The impeachment process should add more fuel to that fire, and when Trump is acquitted, we’ll have to work even harder to keep the flame burning. We can’t let ourselves become disappointed and jaded when we lose that the battle. We need to ensure that this will be the costliest pyrrhic victory Trump has won to date.

Chris Winters
Chris Winters is a senior editor at YES! He covers economics and politics.

Donations can be sent to the Baltimore Nonviolence Center, 325 E. 25th St., Baltimore, MD 21218.  Ph: 410-323-1607; Email: mobuszewski2001 [at] Go to

"The master class has always declared the wars; the subject class has always fought the battles. The master class has had all to gain and nothing to lose, while the subject class has had nothing to gain and everything to lose--especially their lives." Eugene Victor Debs

Terrence Malick’s new film ‘A Hidden Life’ tells the story of a man who made the ultimate choice

Terrence Malick’s new film ‘A Hidden Life’ tells the story of a man who made the ultimate choice

"A Hidden Life," set to premiere in theaters on December 13, 2019, depicts the life of an Austrian farmer who refused to fight for the Nazis in World War II.

By Christian Caryl

The Washington Post / Dec. 9, 2019

Andrei Sakharov could have stuck with the privileged existence of Soviet scientist. Mahatma Gandhi could have opted for the quietly prosperous life of a British-educated lawyer. Malala Yousafzai could have contented herself with the certainties of the traditional role of a Pakistani woman.

Yet all three of these exceptional individuals chose to follow their principles, instead — at great personal cost. Though they gained fame as a result, that wasn’t in the cards when they started out. All of them faced persecution. Sakharov endured official vilification and banishment. Gandhi spent repeated stints in prison and died at the hand of an assassin. Yousafzai has persevered despite vicious harassment and constant threats to her personal security (including a 2012 shooting that nearly took her life).

Franz Jägerstätter was born into life as a simple farmer in an idyllic corner of the Austrian Alps. He, too, could have taken the easy way out — the path of accommodation chosen by almost everyone around him. Yet he found himself compelled to reject the criminal regime that descended upon his country in 1938, when it was absorbed into Nazi Germany. His Catholic faith, as he understood it, forbade him to accept allegiance to Adolf Hitler.

Terrence Malick’s beautiful new film, “A Hidden Life,” vividly depicts this terrible dilemma. Drafted into the German military, Jägerstätter refused to take the required oath to Hitler. At first he paid for this act of disobedience with prison; in 1943, he was executed for it, leaving his widow and their three daughters to a life of poverty and ostracism.

Almost no one in the world — outside of his community, the remote and tiny village of Sankt Radegund — noted his sacrifice at the time. Yet Malick’s film shows why his example continues to resonate. (Jägerstätter was beatified by the Catholic Church in 2007.)

In material terms, Jägerstätter (magnificently portrayed in the film by August Diehl) gained nothing by his stubborn rejection of the ruling system. For years he and his young wife (played by the equally marvelous Valerie Pachner) lived a happy and idyllic life in a beautiful place — just the sort of life, in fact, idealized by Nazi propaganda, which liked to depict mountain peasants as the noblest kind of German. (Malick deftly interweaves his shots of glorious Austrian scenery with contemporaneous film footage, including shots of Hitler’s Bavarian mountain retreat at Berchtesgaden, not that far from Franz’s village.)

On the face of things, Jägerstätter’s decision to refuse his allegiance to the regime is almost inexplicable. Almost everyone around him is Catholic, too, but none of them see fit to follow his example. Some of his neighbors agree with him, but only in whispers. Women who have sent their own husbands to fight in the war throw rocks at his kids. The village’s Nazi mayor accuses Franz of betraying the memory of his father, who died for the Fatherland in World War I. Still others point out that he’s visiting catastrophe on his own family, including his elderly mother.

There is no apparent upside to Jägerstätter’s stubborn act of resistance. Celebrity is not even remotely in the offing. He saves no one, least of all himself.

Hollywood likes to make films about Nazis because they’re the ultimate bad guys. In “Schindler’s List” (an undeniably great movie), the hero’s decision to save innocent lives is grounded in the unavoidable confrontation with Jewish suffering: the ghetto and the concentration camp are right there in front of him. There can be no mistaking the evil, even if the film acknowledges that resolving to combat it requires an act of heroism.

Malick’s film takes a different and more confounding tack. Nazism comes to Franz’s world in the form of distant rumors, newsreel images projected on a bedsheet or the sound of unseen planes flying above the clouds. There are no Jews or Communists around in the village to dramatize the effects of Hitler’s ideology on its victims. Yet Jägerstätter still manages to recognize its sinfulness.

During my career as a journalist, in various places around the world, I’ve been privileged to meet people who felt called to fight injustice. I’ve always been fascinated by the conundrum they present: Why do these rare individuals make the choices they do at such a high price to themselves or their loved ones? Why do they follow causes that directly contradict their own material interests? Why do they reject the comfortable path?

Malick’s film contains at least one obvious nod to our modern-day politics of xenophobia, when his Nazi mayor rails about the “foreigners” swarming over European streets. We may be comforted that we can spot the darkness behind the sentiment. But society doesn’t always make our choices clear, especially when the consequences can include death or torture or the destruction of your family. Our noble ideals — derived from faith or passionate political views — don’t always lead us to noble conclusions.

“A Hidden Life” challenges us to confront the problem. Not all of us can follow the example of a Franz Jägerstätter — or a Sakharov, or a Gandhi, or a Yousafzai. But no one who pretends to have a conscience should be able to ignore them.

© Copyright 1996-2016 The Washington Post Company 

Donations can be sent to the Baltimore Nonviolence Center, 325 E. 25th St., Baltimore, MD 21218.  Ph: 410-323-1607; Email: mobuszewski2001 [at] Go to

"The master class has always declared the wars; the subject class has always fought the battles. The master class has had all to gain and nothing to lose, while the subject class has had nothing to gain and everything to lose--especially their lives." Eugene Victor Debs

Tuesday, December 10, 2019

Baltimore Activist Alert -- December 11 - 13, 2019

40] Climate Action Coffee – Dec. 11
41] Waging Peace in Vietnam Exhibit – Dec. 11 & 12
42] Make wealthy nonprofits pay fair share of taxes – Dec. 11
43] Food Rescue at the Free Farm – Dec. 11
44] Intersection of Climate Change and Security – Dec. 11
45] Discuss the Green New Deal – Dec. 11
46] Progressive Prince George’s Chapter Meeting – Dec. 11
47] Parent Meeting – Dec. 11
48] Speak with Intent – Dec. 11
49] Food Rescue at the Enoch Pratt Free Library – Dec. 12
50] Food Rescue at Dovecote Café– Dec. 12
51] Celebrate the Season – Dec. 12
52] Birddogging Training – Dec. 12
53] Get a political prisoner calendar – Dec. 12
54] Fire Drill Friday – Dec. 13
55] White House vigil – Dec. 13
56] WIB peace vigils – Dec. 13
40] – On Wed., Dec. 11 from 7:30 AM to 9 AM, get over to Climate Action Coffee with Takoma Park Mobilization at Busboys and Poets Takoma, 235 Carroll St. NW, WDC 20012.  The Climate Action Coffee is an every-Wednesday gathering at Busboys and Poets Takoma, a cooperative production of Busboys and the Takoma Alliance for a Local Living Economy (TALLE), a working group of the Takoma Park Mobilization. It runs through Dec. 18.

This weekly series is meant to provide an organizing workspace with action-oriented discussion circles focused on building the kinds of markets, society, food systems and resiliency that we want for our region; raising watershed and environmental justice consciousness; and following youth climate leaders in taking immediate action to reverse the dramatic disruption of our climate systems. Bring your vision and passion for reshaping our communities and local economies in the service of resiliency, racial equity, and carbon-neutrality. More info at  Visit

41] On Wed., Dec. 11 and Thurs., Dec. 12 from 8 AM to 5 PM, visit the Waging Peace in Vietnam Exhibit, hosted by the New Village Press, 1957 E St. NW, WDC 20052-0041.  November 15, 2019 marks the 50th anniversary of the Vietnam War Mobilization March on Washington, a gathering of over half a million demonstrators against the war. The George Washington University offers a series of events to educate students and the general public about often overlooked facets of the history of US involvement in Vietnam, including the impact that antiwar GIs and veterans had on ending the war. This will continue until December 12. Look at

42] – Baltimore City needs revenue for schools, housing, healthcare, green spaces, and so much more. And yet every year, Baltimore City loses millions of dollars of forgone revenue from its wealthiest so-called “nonprofit” institutions that are exempt from paying property taxes. Under the current PILOT agreement, institutions like Hopkins Medicine pay 3.6% of their property tax burden on roughly $1.7 BILLION worth of property, while Baltimore City residents pay the highest property tax rate of any county in Maryland. On Wed., Dec. 11 at 9 AM, attend Baltimore City’s weekly Board of Estimates meeting. The Board of Estimates is the committee that originally agreed to a PILOT. Mayor Jack Young also sits on the Board of Estimates.  Show the Mayor that he has the community support to renegotiate PILOT. Get in contact with National Nurses United Organizer Chris Novoa at 818-319-2853.

43] – On Wed., Dec. 11 from noon to 1 PM,  get over to Food Rescue Baltimore at Baltimore Free Farm, 3510 Ash St., Baltimore 21211.  The long-time Wednesday Food Rescue at the Baltimore Free Farm continues. Bring a bag, bring a friend, and take delicious, nutritious, free rescued food. This will continue until February 19, 2020. Visit

44] –  On Wed., Dec. 11 from 4 to 5:30 PM, get with The Intersection of Climate Change and Security, hosted by the Institute for Policy Studies, 1301 Connecticut Ave. NW, 6th Floor, WDC 20036.  The world faces two grave threats: nuclear war and climate change. The Trump administration has ended four decades of U.S. efforts to reduce the threat of nuclear war, withdrawing from the INF Treaty and preparing to deploy nuclear weapons around the world. At the same time, it denies the existence of climate change and supports leaders around the world who are laying waste to the environment.

But another security policy is possible, and necessary, right now. This seminar sponsored by the Asia Institute and Foreign Policy in Focus, will explore how the US could seize the initiative on arms control and link it to a global rethinking of security in light of climate change. Participants are Larry Wilkerson, William & Mary College; Alice Hill, Council on Foreign Relations; and Emanuel Pastreich, The Asia Institute. Go to

45] – The Sunrise Movement Baltimore will meet on Wed., Dec. 11 at 6:30 PM to discuss the Green New Deal, and to help build the movement. Gather at Memorial Episcopal Church, 1407 Bolton Street (Upper Farnham Hall), Baltimore 21217. 

46] – Progressive Prince George’s Chapter Meeting is on Wed., Dec. 11 from 6:30 to 8:20 PM at 9221 Hampton Overlook, Capitol Heights, MD.  Help the group continue to grow and build a grassroots movement of people who want to take Prince George's County on a progressive course.

47] – There will be a Parent Meeting on Wed. Dec. 11 from 6:30 to 8 PM in Rockville at the MCEA office at 12 Taft Court. Hear a conversation led by some MCEA staff and parent organizers about communication and other critical issues facing MCPS.  Contact local MOCO organizer Patty Snee at

48] – On Wed., Dec. 11 from 7 to 9 PM, Speak With Intent: Telling Your Story will happen, hosted by the Greenbelt Climate Action Network, in the Greenbelt Community Center, Room 114, 15 Crescent Road, Greenbelt. Check out Take these activating emotions and your personal experiences and weave them in a way to present to congress, county council, city council, strangers on the street, or just your family. This is Part Two of the workshop series in learning to Speak with Intent.

49] – There is a Food Rescue at the Enoch Pratt Free Library, 1303 Orleans St., Baltimore 21231 on Thursdays from noon to 1 PM.  Food Rescue Baltimore partners with Baltimore’s esteemed Enoch Pratt Free Library at the Orleans Street Branch. Come to the library, bring a bag, and take home delicious free food. It continues until February 13, 2020. Look at

50] – On Thursdays from 4 to 5 PM, Food Rescue Baltimore is working with Dovecote Café, 2501 Madison Ave., Baltimore 21217.  Bring a bag, bring a friend, and take delicious, nutritious, free rescued food.  See

51] – On Thurs., Dec. 12 from 4 to 7 PM, Our Revolution MoCo will Celebrate the Season, as the December meeting will be a Happy Hour at Bar Louie,150 Gibbs Street, Rockville 20850 (Rockville Town Center). Help build a vital local progressive community! Visit

52] – Jews for Justice is holding a Birddogging Training on Thurs., Dec. 12 from 6 to 8:30 PM. There is a dinner at 6 PM. The training will begin at 6:30 PM.  Birddogging is the art of asking questions that hold decision makers (i.e. elected officials, agency leaders, & corporate CEOs) accountable. Learn how to create questions, and what tactics will get the questions answered.  Julia Peter of the Center for Popular Democracy will lead the training. Email

53] – On Thurs., Dec. 12 from 7 to 9 PM, get a copy of the Certain Days: Freedom for Political Prisoners Calendar, which is required reading for radicals, leftists, and all who support political prisoners and advocate the end of mass incarceration. The Certain Days calendar is filled with radical historical dates, and 12 thought-provoking articles and beautiful artwork each month throughout the year. All proceeds support prisoners and grassroots organizations. Get over to Red Emma's Bookstore Coffeehouse, 1225 Cathedral St., Baltimore 21201. Go to  

54] – Inspired by the Swedish student, Greta Thunberg, the student strikers and Naomi Klein's new book "On Fire: The Burning Case for the Green New Deal," Jane Fonda decided to upend her life, left her comfort zone and move to Washington, D.C. for four months to focus on climate change. As Greta said, "This is a crisis. We have to act like our house is on fire, because it is.”  So, every Friday Jane will host an action called — Fire Drill Friday.  On Dec. 13 at 11 AM, meet near the Capitol steps across from the Supreme Court and speak out for Jobs & Just Transitions.

Here’s the deal: We are living at the last possible moment in human history when we can do something about climate change or fail to do so, thereby denying hundreds of millions of people a livable future. Last year, the UN Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) published its regular report which stated in no uncertain terms that given the worsening disasters we’re already seeing and the additional warming that is already baked in because we didn’t act 30 years ago, we do not stand a chance at changing course in time without profound, systemic economic and social change in the next 11 years. Visit

55] – The Dorothy Day Catholic Worker will host a peace vigil at the White House, 1600 Pennsylvania Ave. NW, WDC, on Fri., Dec. 13 at noon.  Contact the Dorothy Day Catholic Worker: 202-882-9649,  

56] – Women in Black VIGILS FOR PEACE take place on Fri., Dec. 6 from noon to 1 PM.  One is at McKeldin Square, corner of Light and Pratt Sts., in the Inner Harbor, Baltimore.  Use the purple circulator line.  Enjoy an AFTER VIGIL LUNCH from the food trucks in the Inner Harbor.  Bring Your Own Sandwich or stop by one of the food trucks in the McKeldin Square.

Another is at Roland Park Place, 830 W. 40th St., Baltimore.  Free Parking available. Vigil from noon to 1 PM. Lunch in the Bistro at 1 PM. If there's a storm, there is no vigil, but there will be lunch. Contact Anne:  The final vigil is in Chestertown, Kent County on the Eastern Shore at Memorial Park at Cross Street and Park Row. Email

To be continued

Donations can be sent to the Baltimore Nonviolence Center, 325 E. 25th St., Baltimore, MD 21218.  Ph: 410-323-1607; Email: mobuszewski2001 [at] Go to

"The master class has always declared the wars; the subject class has always fought the battles. The master class has had all to gain and nothing to lose, while the subject class has had nothing to gain and everything to lose--especially their lives." Eugene Victor Debs

Monday, December 9, 2019

Baltimore Activist Alert -- December 9 - 10, 2019

21] Food Rescue Pop-Up at Flourish – Dec. 9
22] Vigil for Jakelin – Dec. 9
23] Film ‘Facing the Dragon” – Dec. 9
24] Charting the Course for Environmental Change – Dec. 9
25] Politics and Legacy of American Immigration – Dec. 9
26] Learn how nuclear power threatens real climate action in Maryland – Dec. 9
27] Get Money Out of Maryland – Dec. 9
28] Human Rights Day – Dec. 10
29] Childhood Development through a Gender Lens – Dec. 10
30] DC Statehood Phone Bank – Dec. 10
31] Collection Drive for Immigrants, Refugees & Asylum Seekers – Dec. 10
32] The President and Nuclear Weapons – Dec. 10
33] Protest killer drone research at JHU – Dec. 10
34] Holiday Party for Children Living in Shelters – Dec. 10
35] Honor Muslim Human Rights Defenders – Dec. 10
36] Meet & Greet Baltimore City Candidates – Dec. 10
37] Climate Forum- Charles County – Dec. 10
38] Activism against Gender-Based Violence – Dec. 10
39] None of us is free until All of us are free – Dec. 10
21] – On Mon., Dec. 9 from 3 to 4 PM, get with a Food Rescue Pop-Up at Flourish, 3418 Belair Road, Baltimore 21213-1233.  Bring a bag, take home healthy, free food! Check out

22] – On Mon., Dec. 9 from 5 to 6 PM, Vigil for Jakelin at 1300 Pennsylvania Ave. NW, WDC 20004-3000. Jakelin Amei Rosmery Caal Maquin was just 7-years-old when she died of cardiac arrest caused by severe dehydration and shock due to the lack of care she received while in CBP custody on December 8th of last year. Jakelin came to us to ask for protection, and we failed her. Mourn and demand justice for Jakelin and for Carlos, Wilmer, Felipe, Mariee, and Darlyn. Gather with candles, flowers, bottles of water, and stuffed animals to mark the tragic anniversary of Jakelin's death. Look at

23] – On Mon., Dec. 9 from 6 to 8 PM, see a screening of ‘Facing the Dragon,” hosted by the Embassy of the Netherlands in the United States and European Union in the United States at the Landmark Theatres, Atlantic Plumbing Cinema, 807 V Street NW, WDC. This is a documentary by Sedika Mojadidi about two women who refused to be silenced and were underestimated in male-dominated Afghanistan. Nilofar Ibrahimi, one of the few female members of the parliament, and journalist Shakila Ibrahimhhail have to survive in a country where “patriarchy is over the top.” RSVP at  Go to

24] – On Mon., Dec. 9 from 7 to 9 PM, Charting the Course for Environmental Change in Maryland is hosted by Neighborhood Sun at 901 S. Bond St., Baltimore 21231-3305.  Join your peers, learn from trusted environmental advocates and plot your course for advocating in Maryland’s upcoming legislative session. You will leave this event with an expanded network of environmental peers and the tools you’ll need for navigating the pathways of Maryland’s political landscape. Learn more at and check out

25] – On Mon., Dec. 9 from 7 to 9 PM, catch up with the Politics and Legacy of American Immigration, hosted by IPPH at the University of the District of Columbia, Center Ballroom~ Level 1, 4200 Connecticut Ave. NW, WDC 20008.  Hear from Joel Rose, NPR Correspondent, Representative Nydia Velázquez (NY-D) (invited), and Janet Murguía, President & CEO UnidosUS/DC.  Look at

26] – On Mon., Dec. 9 from 7 to 8:30 PM at the Civic Center, Fenton Room. 1 Veterans Place, Silver Spring 20910, learn how nuclear power threatens real climate action in Maryland, hosted by Physicians for Social Responsibility and others. Governor Hogan and some members of the General Assembly are pushing to subsidize nuclear energy as a renewable source of power. Subsidizing nuclear energy would give your ratepayer money directly to profiteering Exelon, the parent company of BGE and PEPCO.

Dollar for dollar, energy efficiency, wind, and solar are cheaper than continuing to invest in nuclear - not to mention that there is no safe and equitable way to dispose of nuclear waste. Every dollar we spend propping up aging reactors is a dollar we can't spend on the inevitable transition away from nuclear power and fossil fuels to a clean, safe, affordable energy economy.

Contact Rianna Eckel, Senior Maryland Organizer with Food & Water Watch, with any questions: or 410-394-7652. Go to

27] – Join the Get Money Out of Maryland Teleconference on Mon., Dec. 9 from 8:30 to 9:30 PM.  There are two ways to join the conference: Dial 1 929 205 6099, and then use meeting ID: 512 862 260. Or Click on your device if you have downloaded the app from Zoom. The focus will be on organizational sign-ups, public relations, and logistics for the January 20 observance.

28] -- Tuesday, December 10 is Human Rights Day— the 71st Anniversary of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights.

29] – On Tues., Dec. 10 from 9 AM to 6 PM, check out Early Childhood Development Through a Gender Lens, hosted by the Center for Global Development, 2055 L St. NW, 5th floor, WDC 20036.  Visit  No matter where they live, women and girls shoulder a disproportionate share of unpaid care work responsibilities, including those focused on childcare. The gendered nature of childcare limits women and girls’ educational attainment, workforce advancement, and full participation in community life. Though a well-recognized barrier to gender equality and economic development, there is still little rigorous evidence on what works to reduce this demand on women and girls’ time – and how early childhood development policies and programs can be better designed with women and girls’ time poverty in mind. CGD will focus its fifth annual Birdsall House Conference on Women on the linkages between early childhood development and women’s economic empowerment, bringing researchers, practitioners, and policymakers focused on both topics together to learn from one another. The conference will explore evidence-based solutions that benefit mothers, older sisters, other caregivers, and children themselves and discuss how they can be implemented and scaled. See

30] –  Can you participate in a DC Statehood Phone Bank on Tues., Dec. 3 from 10 AM to 6 PM at the John A. Wilson Building, 1350 Pennsylvania Ave. NW, WDC 20004 in room G-9. Join the Washington, DC Statehood Office for a DC Statehood Phone Bank. Call state legislatures across the US to raise awareness of DC residents' lack of full and equal voting representation in Congress.   Phones, scripts, materials, and light refreshments will be provided. The Phone Bank continues each Tuesday. See

31] – On Tues., Dec. 10 from noon to 8 PM, there will be a Collection Drive for Immigrants, Refugees & Asylum Seekers, hosted by the Willet Family Farm, LLC , 2610 Baumgardner Road, Westminster 21158.  ChildFund, is working with a Respite Center, and donations are needed in Texas.   Deliver them to the Willet Family Fund, and they will be delivered.  You will find in the barn bins for the collection of items, as well as child packets of children from Mexico, Honduras, Guatemala and the U.S. As you drop off items, take a moment to get to know your neighbors via a VIRTUAL REALITY EXPERIENCE filmed in Mexico and consider sponsoring a child with ChildFund as a way to prevent another migration crisis. The items collected will be specifically sent to ChildFund International in Texas and distributed to La Posada Respite Center in San Benito, Texas. La Posada ( ) is an emergency shelter for homeless immigrants, refugees and asylum seekers. Programming includes immediate and tangible support for adults and kids in the form of food, shelter, clothing, medical supplies and care. Also offered and equally important is case management with an individualized resettlement preparation process that includes needs assessment, goal-setting and facilitation of services to meet identified needs. Services include local transportation to off-site agencies (health care, legal-aid and social services), access to on-site communication resources, paperwork/translation assistance, English literacy (everyone is required to take an English class twice a daily at the center), workforce readiness, and life skills education.

The ITEMS NEEDED are Books, Toothbrushes, Pencils, Toothpaste, Drawing materials, Backpacks, Deodorant, Stuffed animals, Female Hygiene items, Toys, Soap, Card games, Diapers Size 2-5 and Boys & Girls Shoes.  Check out

32] – On Tues., Dec. 10 from 5 to 6:30 PM, look at The President and Nuclear Weapons: Authorities, Limits, and Process, hosted by the Nuclear Threat Initiative with Mary B. DeRosa and Ashley Nicolas, Georgetown University Law Center and Ernest J. Moniz and Sam Nunn, NTI. The event will take place at 1776 Eye St. NW, Suite 600, WDC 20006. A reception will follow.

There is no more consequential decision for a president than ordering a nuclear strike. Once launched, a nuclear-armed missile cannot be recalled or aborted. Today, the strategic environment and threats that could lead to the use of a nuclear weapon have changed from the Cold War, yet much of U.S. policy with respect to nuclear use authority remains grounded in that past era, increasing the risk of an accident or a mistake. Recently, public and Congressional attention has focused on the legal authorities and limitations, as well as the process, that a U.S. president would confront when making the grave decision of whether to use a nuclear weapon. NTI will release its latest report, The President and Nuclear Weapons: Authorities, Limits, and Process, authored by Mary B. DeRosa and Ashley Nicolas, which identifies the key legal questions relevant to a president’s decision and summarizes the state of the law and the relevant process.

The seminar will also mark the release of a companion paper authored by NTI co-chairs former Secretary of Energy Ernest J. Moniz and former Senator Sam Nunn, The President and Nuclear Weapons: Implications of Sole Authority in Today’s World, which offers ideas to improve and strengthen the process for decision-making and consulting Congress regarding the potential use of nuclear weapons. Visit

33] – Vigil to say "No Drone Research at JHU" at 33rd and N. Charles Sts. on Tuesday, Dec. 10 from 5 to 6 PM. Contact Max at mobuszewski2001 at Comcast dot net or 410-323-1607. 

34] – On Tues., Dec. 10 from 5:30 to 8:30 PM, help out at a Holiday Party for Children Living in Shelters, hosted by the Bar Association of Baltimore City Young Lawyers Division at the Maryland Science Center, 601 Light St., Baltimore 21230. Want to help make the holidays brighter for Baltimore’s homeless children? Contribute to or volunteer for the Holiday Party for Children Living in Shelters. The Holiday Party brings children and their parents to the Maryland Science Center for entertainment, a hot meal, a visit with Santa and holiday gifts. This party relies on the generosity of the Baltimore legal and business community for volunteers and contributions. To donate online, go to  Under designation choose "other" and designate your gift to the 2019 Holiday Party for Children Living in Shelters.  VOLUNTEERS NEEDED THE DAY OF THE PARTY BETWEEN 4:30 to 9 PM.  If you are able to assist for any period of time, sign up at  Email Look at

35] – On Tues.., Dec. 10 from 6 to 8 PM, honor Muslim Human Rights Defenders, which is a Fundraiser & Reception, hosted by Justice for Muslims Collective at 1200 U St. NW, WDC 20009-4443. Each year, a Muslim human rights defender is selected who exemplifies the spirit of Islam in the form of resisting and challenging oppression and injustice and working for the inclusion of all marginalized communities. This year, the focus is on Avideh Moussavian who has been fighting for her communities on multiple fronts, including most notably, the Muslim Ban. Enjoy food and drink. Look at

36] – On Tues., Dec. 10 from 6 to 8 PM, get over to a Meet & Greet Baltimore City Candidates, hosted by 1199 SEIU Maryland/DC at the Ibis Lounge, 6014 Harford Road, Baltimore 21214. Help decide which candidates (and incumbents) for the Baltimore City candidates should be endorsed. Meet and get to know the candidates in a casual setting. Refreshments will be served. See

37] -- Attend a Climate Forum- Charles County on Tues., Dec. 10 from 6 to 7:30 PM, organized by the Southern Maryland Sierra Club at the Waldorf West Library, 10405 O'Donnell Place, Waldorf 20603. Contact Rosa Hance at or (240) 808-4233. Hear a panel of speakers on issues such as energy infrastructure, public health impacts, and community transition plans. Refreshments will be served.

38] – On Tues., Dec. 10 from 6 to 8 PM, hear a Panel Discussion on the UN's 16 Days of Activism against Gender-Based Violence, hosted by Women of Peace Corps Legacy. This is an annual international campaign that kicks off on November 25th, the International Day for the Elimination of Violence against Women, and runs until December 10th, Human Rights Day. This civil society initiative calls for the prevention and elimination of violence against women and girls. There will also be an extended Happy Hour Menu for attendees. Visit

39] – On Tues., Dec. 10 from 6:30 to 8:30 PM, hear about None of us is free until All of us are free: Final workshop.  This is hosted by Jews United for Justice - Baltimore and Repair the World Baltimore at the Baltimore Hebrew Congregation, 7401 Park Heights Ave., Pikesville 21208.  See This is JUFJ's fifth and final workshop in the series on confronting, challenging, and healing from our relationship to white supremacy. Explore how to interrupt white supremacy in our lives and our movements at several levels: the individual, the interpersonal, and the organizational. This workshop will continue the conversations from the first four workshops, and apply that knowledge to cultivate skills and learn further. A kosher and vegetarian dinner will be served. Register at  Look at

To be continued

Donations can be sent to the Baltimore Nonviolence Center, 325 E. 25th St., Baltimore, MD 21218.  Ph: 410-323-1607; Email: mobuszewski2001 [at] Go to

"The master class has always declared the wars; the subject class has always fought the battles. The master class has had all to gain and nothing to lose, while the subject class has had nothing to gain and everything to lose--especially their lives." Eugene Victor Debs

Sunday, December 8, 2019

Baltimore Activist Alert – December 8 – 10, 2019

Baltimore Activist Alert – December 8 – 10, 2019

"I speak as an American to the leaders of my own nation. The great initiative in this war is ours. The initiative to stop it must be ours." -Martin Luther King Jr.

Friends, this list and other email documents which I send out are done under the auspices of the Baltimore Nonviolence Center.  Go to  If you appreciate this information and would like to make a donation, send contributions to BNC, 325 East 25th Street, Baltimore, MD 21218.  Max Obuszewski can be reached at 410-323-1607 or mobuszewski2001 [at]

1] Books, buttons and stickers
2] Web site for info on federal legislation
3] Get involved with NCNR   
4] Lawyers Against War
5] Call to protect Human Rights for Palestinian Children  
6] Waging Peace in Vietnam Exhibit – Dec. 8 - 10
7] Nature’s Witness: Wildlife Photography Exhibit through Feb. 28
8] BARCS Benefit Day – Dec. 8
9] Neighbors Without Walls – Dec. 8
10] The Hidden Joy of Serving -- Dec. 8
11] Legally sanctioned residential segregation – Dec. 8
12] Explore the Patuxent Wildlife Refuge – Dec. 8
13] “Spending the City’s Money to Solve Peoples Problems” – Dec. 8
14] Handel’s Messiah – Dec. 8
15] House Concert Series – Dec. 8
16] National Organize to Win 2020 Kickoff – Dec. 8
17] Casa Baltimore Limay fundraiser – Dec. 8
18] Protest Potluck -- Dec. 8
19] Pentagon Peace Vigil – Dec. 9
20] Urge Congress to Hold Hearings on the ERA – Dec. 9
1] – Buttons, bumperstickers and books are available.  “God Bless the Whole World, No Exceptions” stickers are in stock. Call Max at 410-323-1607.

2] – To obtain information how your federal legislators voted on particular bills, go to  Congressional toll-free numbers are 888-818-6641, 888-355-3588 or 800-426-8073. The White House Comment Email is accessible at

3] – THE ORGANIZING LIST will be the primary decision-making mechanism of the National Campaign of Nonviolent Resistance [NCNR].  It will be augmented by conference calls and possibly in-person meetings as needed.  It will consist of 1 or 2 representatives from each local, regional, or national organization (not coalitions) that wishes to actively work to carry out the NCNR campaign of facilitating and organizing nonviolent resistance to U.S. wars.

To join the ORGANIZING List, please send your name, group affiliation, city and email address to mobuszewski2001 at Comcast dot net.  Different local chapters of a national organization are encouraged to subscribe.  

4] – Jeff Ross, an attorney in Maryland, is interested in gathering with other lawyers to discuss ways in which the legal profession and the law generally can be conceptualized as a peace-building and war-resisting institution and redirected to these ends. Areas to explore might include: 1) ways in which this group could support with legal analysis/writing those lawyers who are representing peace-builders/war-resisters in criminal prosecutions; 2) ways in which, from a more theoretical perspective, the law might be grounded in an ethic of non-violence; and 3) ways in which law students and young lawyers might be exposed to a non-violent vision of the law. All religious, philosophical, and critical perspectives on the law are welcome. The group might want to call itself Lawyers against War. Jeff can be reached at 443-690-6872 and

5] -- CALL YOUR REPRESENTATIVE:  SUPPORT  HR 2407 -- “The Promoting Human Rights for Palestinian Children Living Under Israeli Military Occupation Act,” which would prohibit U.S. foreign aid from contributing to “the military detention, interrogation, abuse, or ill-treatment of children in violation of international humanitarian law.” Additionally, it would authorize $19 million dollars annually to fund NGOs monitoring human rights abuses associated with the military detention of children and provide physical and mental health services to children who have been victims of military detention, abuse, and torture.  The Bill was introduced by Rep. Betty McCollum from Minnesota, and has found co-sponsors...BUT NOT IN MARYLAND. What if Maryland had some women in its delegation?   And, right now with the vacant seat following Rep. Cummings' death, don't hesitate to call another office and ask that your voice be heard. Call the main switchboard 202- 225-2131 and ask to be transferred to any of the following Maryland Representatives: Brown, Harris, Hoyer, Raskin, Ruppersberger, Sarbanes or Trone.

6] - On Sun., Dec. 8, Mon., Dec. 9, and Tues., Dec. 10 from 8 AM to 5 PM, visit the Waging Peace in Vietnam Exhibit, hosted by the New Village Press, 1957 E St. NW, WDC 20052-0041.  November 15, 2019 marks the 50th anniversary of the Vietnam War Mobilization March on Washington, a gathering of over half a million demonstrators against the war. The George Washington University offers a series of events to educate students and the general public about often overlooked facets of the history of US involvement in Vietnam, including the impact that antiwar GIs and veterans had on ending the war. Look at

7] - On Sun., Dec. 1, 2019 through Feb. 28, 2020 from 9 AM to 5 PM, see Nature’s Witness: Wildlife Photography Exhibit hosted by the National Wildlife Federation at the American Association for the Advancement of Science, 1200 New York Ave. NW, WDC 20005. Come marvel at “Nature’s Witness,” an exhibition of 50 powerful wildlife photographs chosen to inspire conservation. Free and open to the public, this National Wildlife Federation exhibit will run until Feb. 28, 2020. 

All 50 images were entries in annual National Wildlife® Photo Contests, which draw more than 22,000 images from around the world every year. Within the exhibit, one group of images titled “Nature’s Challenge” will raise awareness about some of the threats putting wildlife at risk today, including habitat loss, invasive species, disease and climate change. Another set of photographs titled “Life’s Essentials” will explore how people can help species thrive by gardening for wildlife. Kids attending the exhibit — a family-friendly event — will also be able to pick up a copy of Ranger Rick®, Ranger Rick Jr.™, Ranger Rick Cub™ or one of the National Wildlife Federation’s many other children’s publications. Go to

8] - On Sun., Dec. 8 from 10 AM to 9 PM, get over to BARCS Benefit Day, hosted by Great Sage, 5809 Clarksville Square Drive, Clarksville 21029. BARCS is a non-profit organization operating Maryland’s largest open-admission animal shelter and pet adoption center, nestled in downtown Baltimore's Federal Hill neighborhood. Their shelter grants refuge to every abandoned, neglected, abused, lost or surrendered animal that comes through their door - a staggering 30 or more animals are surrendered to BARCS daily, every single day of the year. No matter what the circumstance, they do not turn away any animal in need of shelter, food and a loving touch.

Great Sage is honored to donate 10% of all sales to BARCS to help them increase adoptions and rescues.  Reservations are welcome at 443.535.9400.  See

9] – On Sun., Dec. 8 from 10 AM to 1 PM, Neighbors Without Walls:  Feeding the Homeless & Hungry at the Terra Cafe Bmore, 101 East 25th St., Baltimore 21218. Homelessness is by far one of the largest issues that plague our city and there is something, no matter how small, we all can do to about it. Terra Cafe is the proud sponsor of Neighbors Without Walls. On the 2nd Sunday of each month, Terra Cafe and a group of volunteers, prep, package and distribute meals, water, clothing and care packages to homeless residents of Baltimore City. Our "Neighbors" come to expect our giving and support. Terra Cafe is grateful to be in our 10th year of giving back to our Community! Thanks everyone, for your generous support. Together, we really can make a difference. Love offerings and donations are welcome. See

10] -- Usually, the Baltimore Ethical Society, 2521 St. Paul St., Baltimore 21218, meets on Sundays, and generally there is a speaker and discussion at 10:30 AM.  On Sun., Dec. 8 hear about “The Hidden Joy of Serving: Appreciating Their Story.” When you serve other people in need, one of the best gifts is to appreciate their story. Whether at a shelter, a youth program, or a street corner, it’s so important to listen to others with caring attention. Whether the story they tell is about how their day is going or is about the day they were born, it’s important. So, ask, “How are you today?” “What was it like when you were young?” Let them know that they matter. Come explore with Hugh Taft-Morales the power of story to connect us as human beings. He joined the Baltimore Ethical Society as its professional leader in 2010, the same year he was certified by the American Ethical Union as an Ethical Culture Leader. He also serves as Leader of the Ethical Humanist Society of Philadelphia. Call 410-581-2322 or email

11] –  Social Justice and Jewish Values will continue on Sun., Dec. 8 from 10:30 AM to noon at Chizuk Amuno, 8100 Stevenson Road, Baltimore 21208, in the Esterson Auditorium.  This is part of a series of Sunday morning learning sessions on a Jewish perspective on social justice. Each session begins with studying relevant Jewish texts, followed by presentations by guest speakers/teachers who bring an informed and personal perspective to these issues. The issue is legally sanctioned residential segregation and its role in creating structural inequality in Baltimore City and suburbs.  Hear from Lawrence Lanahan, author of “The Lines Between Us: Two Families and a Quest to Cross Baltimore’s Racial Divide.  Contact Sandra Dzija at Go to

12] - Explore the Patuxent Wildlife Refuge, North Tract, 230 Bald Eagle Drive, Laurel 20724, on Sun, Dec. 8 from noon to 3 PM, organized by the Prince George's County Sierra Club Group.  Contact Janet Gingold at or (301) 814-1223.  Spend the afternoon walking in the woods and practice our winter tree ID skills among the beeches, oaks and hollies. The walk will be about 3.5 miles and take about 2 hours. This is a natural surface trail with some muddy spots and some roots and branches to step over. Wear long pants and sturdy close-toed shoes/boots that can stand up to some mud. Bring a water bottle and a pocket-sized snack. Binoculars are a plus.

13] – Communities United is hosting a Town Hall: “Spending the City’s Money to Solve Peoples Problems” on Sun., Dec. 8 from 1 to 4 PM at the Metropolitan United Methodist Church, 1121 W. Lanvale Street, Baltimore. Call Rafiki at 443-253-2643!

14] –Get over to a Handel’s Messiah Singalong on Sun., Dec. 8 at 3 PM at St Stephen’s Church in Crownsville 21032. Brendan Walls is conducting, others are volunteering and all proceeds go to the pantry outreach in Crofton. Email

15] – Ginny and Don Robertson host a House Concert Series (food is all vegan) at their home in Lutherville/Timonium. There is a concert on Sun., Dec. 8 at 3 PM featuring singer/songwriter Dan Navarro. He’s the LA Folk/Rock/Contemporary troubadour who gained international notice in the 80s with Lowen and Navarro, a duo that served as opening act for many of the best known groups at the time. You might remember their song and video “Walking On A Wire”, which was popular on MTV. See Dan and singing partner Eric Lowen wrote the song “We Belong”, which became a Top-Five worldwide hit for Pat Benatar. See and

16] -- Our Revolution's signature event - the National Organize to Win 2020 Kickoff is on Sun., Dec. 8 from 5 to 7 PM.  Meet board members, National Chair Larry Cohen, Jim Zogby, Jim Hightower, and Nebraska's awesome progressive Democratic Party Chair Jane Kleeb.  Great elected representatives, including Montgomery County Executive Marc Elrich and Occoquan Supervisor Kenny Boddye, are featured speakers. Plus see super-activists like Yasmine Taeb (immigration), Zola Shaw (racial equity), and Clayton Northcraft (education).

17] – On Sun., Dec. 8 from 5 to 9:30 PM, attend the annual holiday party, hosted by Casa Baltimore Limay, 2902 Louise Ave., Baltimore 21214. This is a *fun* raiser as well as a fundraiser for projects in our friendship community, Limay, Nicaragua. (College scholarships, food security for the most vulnerable, child care center, medical fund, agricultural and water projects, revolving loan development fund.) Please bring a potluck dish to share, and lots of holiday love. Your friends and family are also very welcome.  Do YOU have talent to share? Please prepare a song, a poem, a comedy riff, your spoon-rhythm band, your caricature drawings.... You get the idea. The sky's the limit. Call Barbara at 410-444-1023 or 330-345-4553.  A donation is requested for our projects - please throw something in the basket! No one will be turned away. And you can buy a raffle ticket. From Charles Street, head east on Northern Parkway to Old Harford Road, then turn right (south). Go four (4) blocks, turn left on Louise Avenue. House is on the left. Look at

18] -- On Sun., Dec. 8 from 5:30 to 8:30 PM, join a Protest Potluck: No Private Police or Fossil Fuels at JHU, hosted by JHU Sit-In and Refuel Our Future in the Mattin Center, Room 161, Homewood Campus, Baltimore 21218. Johns Hopkins continues to separate itself from the rest of Baltimore by displacing residents, suing hospital patients, creating an unwanted private police force, investing in fossil fuels, participating in nuclear weapons research, having $16 million contracts with Customs and Border Protection through APL, gentrifying Baltimore, not paying their fair share of taxes, not respecting nurse's right to organize, and countless other atrocities. This is for all who want to learn more about the Hopkins private police and Hopkins' investment in fossil fuels. Sign up to bring food here:  Bring along a written list of the ingredients that will be placed alongside the food. Contact Aggie at 786-899-3871.  Look at

19] – There is a weekly Pentagon Peace Vigil from 7 to 8 AM on Mondays, since 1987, outside the Pentagon Metro stop.  The next vigil is Dec. 9, and it is sponsored by the Dorothy Day Catholic Worker.  Email or call 202-882-9649.  The vigil will be outside the Pentagon's south Metro entrance and in the designated "protest zone" behind bicycle fences across from the entrance to the Metro.  By Metro, take Yellow Line and get out at the "Pentagon" stop. Do not go to the Pentagon City stop! Go up south escalators and turn left and walk across to protest area. By car from D.C. area, take 395 South and get off at Exit 8A-Pentagon South Parking. Take slight right onto S. Rotary Rd. at end of ramp and right on S. Fern St. Then take left onto Army Navy Dr. You can "pay to park" on Army Navy Dr.,  and there is meter parking one block on right on Eads St. Payment for both of these spots begin at 8 AM.  No cameras are allowed on Pentagon grounds. Restrooms are located inside Marriott Residence Inn on corner of S. Fern and Army Navy Dr.

20] – Urge Congress to Hold Hearings on the ERA, which would be supported by Katrina's Dream.  Each Monday, including Dec. 9, at 8 AM, make calls to Senator Graham at (202) 224-5972 and your senators for the ERA. Hold hearings on S.J. Res 6, and S.J. Res. 5 which calls for the removal of a deadline for passage of the ERA. Click on this link, and check out

To be continued

Donations can be sent to the Baltimore Nonviolence Center, 325 E. 25th St., Baltimore, MD 21218.  Ph: 410-323-1607; Email: mobuszewski2001 [at] Go to

"The master class has always declared the wars; the subject class has always fought the battles. The master class has had all to gain and nothing to lose, while the subject class has had nothing to gain and everything to lose--especially their lives." Eugene Victor Debs