"Budrus" Shows "White Intifada" Can Beat the Israeli Occupation
Thursday 12 May 2011
Many have long maintained that a mass-based and sustained campaign of nonviolent Palestinian resistance - a "white intifada" - if vigorously supported by a united Palestinian leadership and by Israeli, Arab, and international peace and solidarity movements, could end the Israeli occupation of the West Bank,
The assertion is inherently speculative. The claim can never really be proved false, because if such a campaign were organized and did not succeed, it might still be true that it might have been successful had it only been more sustained, more widespread, more supported from the outside.
And there's only one way that the claim can ultimately be proved true
But one way to provide strong evidence for the claim would be to organize such a campaign in one place in the West Bank, for the campaign to be sustained long enough to attract significant Israeli and international support, and - crucially - for the campaign to win.
That is what the Palestinian residents of the West Bank
The documentary"Budrus"by Julia Bacha ofJust Visionis a well-crafted and compelling account of this successful experiment. And, as of this Tuesday, May 10, any American with a DVD player and a bit of extra cash can watch this compelling account, because as of then, the movie wasavailable on DVDfrom Typecast Films and Netflix.
The widespread availability of this movie in the United States could not come at a more propitious time, because recent political developments have created an excellent environment in which to scale up the Budrus experiment to all of the occupied Palestinian territories, and a crucial component of such a scaling up is a scaling up of US interest, knowledge and support. Nonviolent resistance is like a Pete Seeger concert
One of those recent developments is the historic reconciliation and cooperation agreement between all of the Palestinian political factions - not just Fatah and Hamas. The agreement showed the power of Palestinian public opinion to move the Palestinian leadership. Palestinian national unity is key to a successful nonviolent resistance strategy, a point illustrated repeatedly in "Budrus." In the film, you see, for example, a local demonstration of Palestinians against the factional split and in favor of national unity, a scene repeated many times in the West Bank and
A second recent development that favors a mass nonviolent resistance strategy in
At the high political and abstract level, Hamas has a strong ideological commitment to the right of the Palestinians to engage in "armed struggle." But, as a practical matter, Hamas is quite capable of vigorously supporting a strategy of nonviolent resistance on the ground.
This is illustrated in "Budrus" when local Hamas leader Awwad explains why he supported the strategy of nonviolence in struggling against the separation barrier
International support of such peaceful resistance is sure to increase if the United Nations votes in September to recognize all of the
In much of the world, much of the time, the presence of women in demonstrations, especially in the leadership and on the front lines of demonstrations, acts as a strong deterrent against violence; in particular, in much of the world, much of the time, authorities are more reluctant to use violence against women in demonstrations. As a result, women often have more freedom of action to push back against authorities in the context of nonviolent resistance.
In much of the world, much of the time, the choice of nonviolent resistance as a strategy tends to encourage the participation of women, while the choice of violence as a resistance strategy tends to marginalize women's participation and leadership.
Thus - much of the time - there is a positive symbiosis between the choice of a nonviolent resistance strategy, and women's participation and leadership. Nonviolent resistance encourages women's participation; women's participation tends to make nonviolent resistance more effective.
"Budrus" shines a spotlight on these important themes.
Iltezam Morrar, daughter of Ayed Morrar, recounts
The next thing you see is Palestinian girls confronting Israeli soldiers. Iltezam explains, "We saw the men trying to push the soldiers, and none of them could do that. But I think the girls could do it."
The camera captures Iltezam in her own "student faces tank" moment, which she narrates
Other women surround Iltezam, and the bulldozer begins to turn away. "The soldier could do nothing," Iltezam says, "except taking the bulldozer and going away ... it's good to feel, even if you are small, you have nothing, but you could do all this."
"Budrus" highlights the role of Israeli peace activists in helping the villagers beat the occupation.
Yasmine Levy, an Israeli border policewoman who served in Budrus, explains
Not only do the Israeli peace activists help the villagers win, but their participation is politically transformative. Iltezam says,
I [didn't] know Israelis. I just [knew] the soldiers. I went many times to visit my father in prison and all the Israelis that I met were very, very bad. But now I know that not all Israelis are the same. Some of them think that we should live together in peace. I did not really think that one day I will have Israeli friends, or even that I would talk to Israeli women ... Not all of them are soldiers. They don't really hate us."
Awwad, the local Hamas leader, says
We had already heard that there were some Israelis who wanted peace with the Palestinians. But these demonstrators exceeded expectations. I saw in reality Israelis defending me from the soldiers of the occupation. It was strange to see a Jew standing side by side with me, and our common enemy is a Jew as well, the soldier who is occupying my land. In these marches, I saw these Israeli voices in real life. It wasn't just something I heard about.
Just as the use of nonviolent resistance tends to engage women and the use of violence tends to marginalize them, the use of nonviolent resistance exerts a democratic pull even on movements that are otherwise hierarchical, and the use of violence exerts an authoritarian pull even on movements that are otherwise democratic.
"Budrus" shows you this dynamic. The action begins, appropriately, not with a confrontation, but with a community meeting, in which Ayed Morrar wins support for a strategy of nonviolent resistance against the separation barrier. As the action proceeds, you see the villagers take greater and greater ownership of the strategy. After an all-day stand-off forces an Israeli bulldozer to retreat without destroying any olive trees, a boy proclaims
One of the Israeli peace activists says, "Ayed's approach is very democratic. And also, on the personal level, he knows not to be the one that always decides, and to make people feel like they are part of the struggle."
You see this play out when an escalation of Israeli Army repression almost convinces Ayed that a major demonstration should be canceled because he is concerned that the village's kids will be endangered when they leave school. No, a companion says. We could go to the school, get the kids, walk them home, proceed with the demonstration. And that's what happens.
In contrast, when stone-throwing against Israeli soldiers breaks out in response to increased violence by the Israeli army, you see how the stone-throwing divides the villagers
Efforts to launch the "Obama Intifada" are underway. It's time to prepare the audience. The widespread viewing of "Budrus" in the
We can do it.
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Robert Naiman is policy director at Just Foreign Policy.
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"The master class has always declared the wars; the subject class has always fought the battles. The master class has had all to gain and nothing to lose, while the subject class has had nothing to gain and everything to lose--especially their lives." Eugene Victor Debs