Sunday, April 23, 2017

The Great Mistake in the Great War.

The Opinion Pages | OP-ED CONTRIBUTOR

Should America Have Entered World War I?/The Great Mistake in the Great War. 
Army recruits filled a street in New York in April 1917 soon after President Woodrow Wilson declared war on Germany. CreditAssociated Press

One hundred years ago today, Congress voted to enter what was then the largest and bloodiest war in history. Four days earlier, President Woodrow Wilson had sought to unite a sharply divided populace with a stirring claim that the nation “is privileged to spend her blood and her might for the principles that gave her birth and happiness and the peace which she has treasured.” The war lasted only another year and a half, but in that time, an astounding 117,000 American soldiers were killed and 202,000 wounded.
Still, most Americans know little about why the United States fought in World War I, or why it mattered. The “Great War” that tore apart Europe and the Middle East and took the lives of over 17 million people worldwide lacks the high drama and moral gravity of the Civil War and World War II, in which the very survival of the nation seemed at stake.
World War I is less easy to explain. America intervened nearly three years after it began, and the “doughboys,” as our troops were called, engaged in serious combat for only a few months. More Americans in uniform died away from the battlefield — thousands from the Spanish flu — than with weapons in hand. After victory was achieved, Wilson’s audacious hope of making a peace that would advance democracy and national self-determination blew up in his face when the Senate refused to ratify the treaty he had signed at the Palace of Versailles.
But attention should be paid. America’s decision to join the Allies was a turning point in world history. It altered the fortunes of the war and the course of the 20th century — and not necessarily for the better. Its entry most likely foreclosed the possibility of a negotiated peace among belligerent powers that were exhausted from years mired in trench warfare.
Although the American Expeditionary Force did not engage in combat for long, the looming threat of several million fresh troops led German generals to launch a last, desperate series of offensives. When that campaign collapsed, Germany’s defeat was inevitable.
How would the war have ended if America had not intervened? The carnage might have continued for another year or two until citizens in the warring nations, who were already protesting the endless sacrifices required, forced their leaders to reach a settlement. If the Allies, led by France and Britain, had not won a total victory, there would have been no punitive peace treaty like that completed at Versailles, no stab-in-the-back allegations by resentful Germans, and thus no rise, much less triumph, of Hitler and the Nazis. The next world war, with its 50 million deaths, would probably not have occurred.
The foes of militarism in the United States had tried to prevent such horrors. Since the war began, feminists and socialists had worked closely with progressive members of Congress from the agrarian South and the urban Midwest to keep America out. They mounted street demonstrations, attracted prominent leaders from the labor and suffrage movements, and ran antiwar candidates for local and federal office. They also gained the support of Henry Ford, who chartered a ship full of activists who crossed the Atlantic to plead with the heads of neutral nations to broker a peace settlement.
They may even have had a majority of Americans on their side. In the final weeks before Congress declared war, anti-militarists demanded a national referendum on the question, confident voters would recoil from fighting and paying the bills so that one group of European powers could vanquish another.
Once the United States did enter the fray, Wilson, with the aid of the courts, prosecuted opponents of the war who refused to fall in line. Under the Espionage and Sedition Acts, thousands were arrested for such “crimes” as giving speeches against the draft and calling the Army “a God damned legalized murder machine.”
The intervention led to big changes in America, as well as the world. It began the creation of a political order most citizens now take for granted, even as some protest against it: a state equipped to fight war after war abroad while keeping a close watch on allegedly subversive activities at home.
The identity of the nation’s enemies has changed often over the past century. But at least until Donald Trump took office, the larger aim of American foreign policy under both liberal and conservative presidents had remained much the same: to make the world “safe for democracy,” as our leaders define it. To achieve that purpose required another innovation of World War I: a military-industrial establishment funded, then partly and now completely, by income taxes.
For all that, the war is largely forgotten in the United States. Combatants in World War II and Vietnam are memorialized in popular sites on the National Mall, but the men who fought and died in the Great War have no such honor (though there is a small memorial specific to soldiers from Washington, and a small national monument is in the planning stages).
Alone among the former belligerent nations, the United States observes a holiday on the anniversary of the Armistice — Veterans Day — that makes no explicit reference to the conflict itself. The centennial of the declaration of war is a good time to remember how much the decision to enter it mattered.
Michael Kazin is the author of “War Against War: The American Fight for Peace, 1914-1918,” a professor of history at Georgetown and the editor of Dissent.
Follow The New York Times Opinion section on Facebook and Twitter (@NYTOpinion), and sign up for the Opinion Today newsletter
A version of this op-ed appears in print on April 6, 2017, on Page A27 of the New York edition with the headline: The Great Mistake in the Great War. 

Donations can be sent to the Baltimore Nonviolence Center, 325 E. 25th St., Baltimore, MD 21218.  Ph: 410-323-1607; Email: mobuszewski [at] Go to

"The master class has always declared the wars; the subject class has always fought the battles. The master class has had all to gain and nothing to lose, while the subject class has had nothing to gain and everything to lose--especially their lives." Eugene Victor Debs

Baltimore Activist Alert April 23 - 25, 2017

Baltimore Activist Alert April 23 - 25, 2017

"I speak as an American to the leaders of my own nation. The great initiative in this war is ours.
The initiative to stop it must be ours." -Martin Luther King Jr.

Friends, this list and other email documents which I send out are done under the auspices of the Baltimore Nonviolence Center.  Go to  If you appreciate this information and would like to make a donation, send contributions to BNC, 325 East 25th Street, Baltimore, MD 21218.  Max Obuszewski can be reached at 410-323-1607 or mobuszewski [at]

1] Books, buttons and stickers
2] Web site for info on federal legislation
3] Join Nonviolent Resistance lists  
4] Two friends are looking to buy a house in Baltimore
5] Becoming White – Apr. 23
6] Gender Revolution – Apr. 23
7] Climate Teach-In - Apr. 23
8] Sacred Resistance Advocacy Training – Apr. 23
9] From Protest to Power – Apr. 23 - 25
10] The Je’Nan Hayes Story – Apr. 23
11] Art Party for the People's Climate March -- Apr. 23
12] Pride planning meeting -- Apr. 23
13] Our Revolution meeting – Apr. 23
14] Mass Volunteer Meeting – Apr. 23
15] Pentagon Vigil – Apr. 24
16] Marc Steiner on WEAA – Apr. 24 – Apr. 28
17] Workers Voices film – Apr. 24
18] Sign Making -- Apr. 24
19] Support sanctuary -- Apr. 24
20] Get Money Out of Maryland conference call – Apr. 24
21] Demining War Zones – Apr. 25
22] Philly peace vigil - Apr. 25
23] Stop JHU’s drone research -- Apr. 25
24] Hear David Hartsough -- Apr. 25
25] Book talk with David Vines -- Apr. 25
26] Active Bystander Intervention Training – Apr. 25
28] Bike Lanes Are White Lanes – Apr. 25

1] – Buttons, bumperstickers and books are available.  “God Bless the Whole World, No Exceptions” stickers are in stock. Call Max at 410-323-1607.

2] – To obtain information how your federal legislators voted on particular bills, go to  Congressional toll-free numbers are 888-818-6641, 888-355-3588 or 800-426-8073. The White House Comment Email is accessible at

3] – THE ORGANIZING LIST will be the primary decision-making mechanism of the National Campaign of Nonviolent Resistance [NCNR].  It will be augmented by conference calls and possibly in-person meetings as needed.  It will consist of 1 or 2 representatives from each local, regional, or national organization (not coalitions) that wishes to actively work to carry out the NCNR campaign of facilitating and organizing nonviolent resistance to the war in Iraq.

To join the ORGANIZING List, please send your name, group affiliation, city and email address to mobuszewski at  Different local chapters of a national organization are encouraged to subscribe.  

THE NOTICES LIST will include only notices of NCNR actions and related information and is open to any interested person to subscribe.  It will be moderated to maintain focus & will include periodic notices about getting involved in NCNR national organizing.  To join the NOTICES List, send an email message to You will get a confirmation message once subscribed.  If you have problems, please write to the list manager at

4] – Janice and Max are looking to buy a house in Baltimore.  Let Max know if you have any leads—410-323-1607 or mobuszewski at Verizon dot net.

5] –  Usually, the Baltimore Ethical Society, 306 W. Franklin St., Suite 102, Baltimore 21201-4661, meets on Sundays, and generally there is a speaker and discussion from 10:30 AM to noon.  On Sun., Apr. 23, the Sunday Platform Address is “Becoming White.” Race is a social construction. But it is also a profoundly powerful, frightening, and omnipresent part of our current public conversation about the future as a nation. Hugh Taft-Morales shares the development of his racial identity as a white person and his evolution towards more consistent dedication to anti-racism activism intended to help deconstruct white supremacy. Hugh Taft-Morales joined the Baltimore Ethical Society as its professional leader in 2010, the same year he was certified by the American Ethical Union as an Ethical Culture Leader. Call 410-581-2322 or email

6] -- "Gender Revolution" will be screened at the Cedar Lane Unitarian Universalist Church, 9601 Cedar Lane, Bethesda, on Sun., Apr. 23 from 12:15 to 2:45 PM.  All are welcome to join Together and LGBT Identified Cedar Laners for the viewing of "Gender Revolution: A Journey with Katie Couric," followed by a moderated discussion. Common Sense Media recommends this film for ages 12 and up.  RSVP (so they can be sure to have enough food and adequate child care coverage) at   A light lunch will be served at 12:15 PM (suggested donation of $5-$7), and the 90 minute film will begin at 12:30 PM.

7] – There is a Teach-In on Climate Change at Politics and Prose Bookstore, 5015 Connecticut Ave. NW, WDC, on Sun., Apr. 23 at 12:15 PM, hosted by and Politics and Prose. Connect at It will address a topic that affects us all: climate change. What is the scientific consensus behind climate change, and how did this issue become so politicized? How can we balance legislation that reduces CO2 emissions and protects the environment with the need to protect American jobs and remain competitive? And as citizens, what can we do to convince our lawmakers that climate change must be taken seriously? Jamie Henn is the Strategic Communications Director and Co-Founder of, a grassroots climate awareness movement that coordinates online campaigns and mass public actions around the world. Dave Levitan is a journalist who has written about a range of scientific topics, focusing specifically on the intersection with policy and politics. His upcoming book is called “Not a Scientist: How Politicians Mistake, Misrepresent and Utterly Mangle Science.” Todd Stern was President Obama’s Special Envoy for Climate Change from 2009-2016, leading the U.S. negotiating effort that culminated in the Paris Agreement. He is a Visiting Lecturer in Law at Yale. The conversation will be moderated by Kristen Gunther, director of Mission Strategy at the March for Science.  P&P also supports the #PoetsforScience project, run by the Wick Poetry Center in collaboration with poet Jane Hirshfield.

8] -- Catch the Sacred Resistance Advocacy Training at the Foundry United Methodist Church, 1500 16th St. NW, WDC, on Sun., Apr. 23 from 12:45 to 2:45 PM.  Curious how to productively meet with elected officials? At the training, you will learn what “lobbying” actually is, including how the average citizen can effectively interact with elected officials to enact change through letter writing, phone calls, and in-person visits. This interactive training will illustrate why your voice is so important to a healthy democracy. Foundry member Emily Wirzba will be leading the training. She is a lobbyist for the nonpartisan Friends Committee on National Legislation. RSVP at, and go to

9] – Progressive Maryland is thrilled to be part of Rise Up 2017: From Protest to Power, the founding convention of a new national organization, People's Action! Build a new national organization with thousands of progressives from across the country! Mark the first 100 days of resistance to President Donald Trump and his agenda with 1,000 community leaders from all over the country convening to deliver a resounding NO to the Trump and right wing agenda and YES to a bold vision of an economy and democracy that work for everyone, not just the rich and powerful, big corporations, and purveyors of hate.  Gather with friends and allies to celebrate what we have won and the movement we are building together from Sun., Apr. 23 through Tues., Apr. 25.  Registration opens at 1PM, and the program begins at 6 PM on Sunday.  The last activity ends at 5 PM on Tuesday on Capitol Hill. The convention takes place at the Omni Shoreham Hotel, 2500 Calvert St. NW, WDC 20008. Call (202) 234-0700.  Visit

10] – Je’Nan Hayes was not allowed to play during regional basketball finals because she was wearing a hijab. The rule that was cited is so rarely enforced that neither Je’Nan nor her coach had ever heard of it until the championship game. Je’Nan and her family lobbied the State of Maryland and last week successfully won the case to rescind this obscure rule! Now all student athletes that wear head coverings for religious purposes are allowed to participate!

The fight continues, however, because Je’Nan and her family are working towards having the rule rescinded on the national level. Hear her story on Sun., Apr. 23 from 2 to 4:30 PM at the Rollins Congressional Club, 1621 Martha Terrace, Rockville.  The event will feature Je’Nan, who will share her story; her mother Salamah (Carlitta), who will share her experiences as a parent; and Jade Magnus Ogunnaike, Media and Economic Justice campaign manager at Color of Change, who led the digital campaign to support Je’Nan. Register at  Go to

11] – Check out the Art Party for the People's Climate March at 1351 Spring Rd. NW, WDC, on Sun., Apr. 23 from 2 to 6 PM.  SURJ DC invites you to an art party to create signs and banners to support indigenous-led environmental movements. If you have nontoxic art supplies, feel free to bring them to contribute to the event. SURJ DC is a local chapter of Showing Up for Racial Justice - a national network of white people organizing themselves and other white people to stand up for racial justice and combat white supremacy. See

12] – There is a planning meeting for Queer and Trans Resistance at Pride, 1301 Connecticut Ave. NW, WDC, on Sun., Apr. 23 from 3 to 5 PM, hosted by Resist This.  Pride is a protest. Stonewall was a riot. Homophobia, Trans misogyny, racism, xenophobia, and anti-poor sentiment run through the veins of the current administration, and those of law and border enforcement agencies across the United States. Connect at

13] – Join activists and supporters from every corner of the state at Our Revolution Maryland's first statewide meeting on Sun., Apr. 23 from 3:30 to 4:30 PM at the Tommy Douglas Conference Center, 10000 New Hampshire Ave., Silver Spring 20903.  Hear reports from leaders in all Maryland counties. Get Our Revolution Maryland's assessment of the 2017 Maryland legislative session. Discuss next steps for Maryland. RSVP at

14] – Get over to the Mass Volunteer Meeting for the Peoples Climate March at the Friends Meeting of Washington, 2111 Florida Ave. NW, WDC, on Sun., Apr. 23 from 6 to 7:30 PM, hosted by the People's Climate Movement. On April 29th, tens of thousands of people will come to Washington D.C. to surround the White House and stand up to Trump's climate-denying agenda. At Sunday’s Mass Meeting, volunteer opportunities will be shared, and organizers will make sure everyone is prepared to join the team in the final stretch.  See

15] – There is a weekly Pentagon Peace Vigil from 7 to 8 AM on Mondays, since 1987, outside the Pentagon Metro stop.  The next vigil is Apr. 24, and it is sponsored by the Dorothy Day Catholic Worker.  Email or call 202-882-9649.  The vigil will be outside the Pentagon's south Metro entrance and in the designated "protest zone" behind bicycle fences across from the entrance to the Metro.  By Metro, take Yellow Line and get out at the "Pentagon" stop. Do not go to the Pentagon City stop! Go up south escalators and turn left and walk across to protest area. By car from D.C. area, take 395 South and get off at Exit 8A-Pentagon South Parking. Take slight right onto S. Rotary Rd. at end of ramp and right on S. Fern St. Then take left onto Army Navy Dr. You can "pay to park" on Army Navy Dr.,  and there is meter parking one block on right on Eads St. Payment for both of these spots begin at 8 AM.  No cameras are allowed on Pentagon grounds. Restrooms are located inside Marriott Residence Inn on corner of S. Fern and Army Navy Dr. 

16] – The Marc Steiner Show airs Monday through Friday fr6m 10 AM to noon on WEAA 88.9 FM, The Voice of the Community, or online at   The call-in number is 410-319-8888, and comments can also be sent by email to All shows are also available as podcasts at

17] – See “Sramik Awaaz: Worker Voices” at the Institute for Policy Studies, 1301 Connecticut Ave. NW, WDC, on Mon., Apr. 24 from 6:30 to 8:30 PM, hosted by South Asia Labor Watch and Law@theMargins.  On the fourth anniversary of the collapse of the Rana Plaza building, join in discussion on the film. With over 1,100 casualties, the easily preventable disaster was the worst single incident in terms of death toll in the history of the garment industry. However, it is far from the only such instance in the global apparel industry, in which multinational manufacturers and retailers “race to the bottom,” seeking contractors with the lowest costs and quickest turnaround, leading to the lowest wages, worst access to worker rights, and most dangerous factory conditions. Crowdfunded and subtitled in English, the documentary is the first film to fully explore the lives, work, and organizing efforts of Bangladesh’s garment workers. If you are interested in hosting a screening of “Sramik Awaaz: Workers Voices,” contact Go to

18] –  There is Sign Making for the Climate March at Denizens Brewery Co., 1115 East-West Hwy., Silver Spring, on Mon., Apr. 24 from 7 to 9 PM, hosted by the Takoma Park Mobilization.  Connect at  Come socialize, eat, drink, support a local business, make your Metro meet-up plans, and MAKE THOSE SIGNS! Some sign-making materials will be provided, but please bring your own if you can: poster board, markers, and paint.

19] – Keep standing up for Rockville sanctuary ordinance on Mon., Apr. 24 at 7 PM.  The mayor and city council of Rockville are considering an ordinance that would prohibit most collaboration between local police and federal immigration authorities. It's important we keep showing up to remind them this has broad community support. Your voice is needed. Three things you can do: Show up in person at the next mayor and council meeting on Monday and offer oral testimony during the "community forum." The anti-immigrant crowd is expected to turn up; we need to be there in larger numbers. If you want to speak, call the city clerk at 240-314-8280 to get yourself on the schedule. Email the Rockville mayor and council at -- even if you've already done so. They need to know that you still strongly support this ordinance.

20] – Get Money Out of Maryland has a weekly teleconference, every Monday evening at 8:30 PM.  Call 605-475-6711, and use the Code 1136243#.  Go to

21] – Demining War Zones: Opening Space for Building Peace will be discussed at the United States Institute of Peace, 2301 Constitution Ave. NW, WDC, on Tues., Apr. 25 from 1 to 5 PM.  The HALO Trust, one of the world’s largest demining organizations, will gather experts for a discussion on the implications and results of demining. Landmines left by warfare pose a daily, deadly threat for millions of people across Asia and Africa. Once any peace accord is signed, the removal of mines and other explosives is a critical first step to building safety and stability in a former conflict zone. How that work is organized—and how communities are involved— can help shape the peace that follows. See an exhibition of demining technology. The department’s Humanitarian Demining Research and Development Program will feature an array of unique lifesaving tools from the high-tech push-cart known as EMPACT to the “Minehound”—a handheld device that uses ground-penetrating radar—to a few of the department’s own mine-sniffing dogs. Visit the website at

22] –  Each Tuesday from 4:30 - 5:30 PM, the Catholic Peace Fellowship-Philadelphia for peace in Afghanistan and Iraq gathers at the Suburban Station, 16th St. & JFK Blvd., at the entrance to Tracks 3 and 4 on the mezzanine.  The next vigil is Apr. 25.  Call 215-426-0364.

23] – Vigil to say "No Drone Research at JHU" each Tuesday at 33rd & North Charles Sts. join this ongoing vigil on Apr. 25 from 5:30  to 6:30 PM. Call Max at 410-323-1607. 

24] –On Tues., Apr. 25 at 7 PM, as part of the Pacem in Terris 50th Anniversary Speaker Series, hear David Hartsough, peace activist, author, Waging Peace, co-founder of Nonviolent Peaceforce, and World Beyond War, at Westminster Church, West 13th St., Wilmington, DE. Visit

25] – Hear a book talk with David Vine at the Georgetown Neighborhood Library, 3260 R St. NW, WDC, on Tues., Apr. 25 from 7 to 8:30 PM. Vine, Associate Professor, Anthropology, American University, and author of  “Base Nation: How U.S. Military Bases Abroad Harm America and the World,” will discuss his research.  Go to

26] – Participate in Active Bystander Intervention Training at the Cedar Lane Unitarian Universalist Church, 9601 Cedar Lane, Bethesda, on Tues., Apr. 25 from 7 to 9 PM.  RSVP at  This training is for both new and previous attendees. Being trained and knowing how to appropriately respond is part of being accountable to people and communities of color.

27] – University of Maryland’s Beyond the Classroom, 1102 South Campus Commons, Building 1, 4250 Lehigh Road, College Park, on Tues., Apr. 25 from 7 to 9 PM, as part of the Spring 2017 Series on "People Power: Activism for Social Change," presents a documentary “The Age of Consequences!” (Global, 2016).  ‘The Hurt Locker’ meets ‘An Inconvenient Truth’, THE AGE OF CONSEQUENCES investigates the impacts of climate change on increased resource scarcity, migration, and conflict through the lens of US national security and global stability. Through unflinching case-study analysis, distinguished admirals, generals and military veterans take us beyond the headlines of the conflict in Syria, the social unrest of the Arab Spring, the rise of radicalized groups like ISIS, and the European refugee crisis – and lay bare how climate change stressors interact with societal tensions, sparking conflict. Go to

28] – On Tues., Apr. 25 at 7:30 PM at Red Emma's Bookstore Coffeehouse, 30 W. North Ave., Baltimore 21201, MELODY HOFFMANN PRESENTS "BIKE LANES ARE WHITE LANES."   No such exciting accommodations for cyclists exists (yet) on North Avenue as it stretches east and west into the wings of the “Black butterfly.” But is the answer simply that the city should hurry up and get bike lanes running on North Ave. too? Or are there a complicated set of issues to be unpacked, accompanied by real community deliberation, regarding the connections between bike infrastructure and gentrification, and between the image of who a “bicyclist” is and the real experiences of bikers of color as they navigate both traffic and racial disparities in policing and neighborhood investment? To help sort through these questions and set the stage for a conversation with the audience on bike equity in Baltimore, we are thrilled to welcome Melody Hoffmann, author of “Bike Lanes Are White Lanes: Bicycle Advocacy and Urban Planning,” a study of how the burgeoning popularity of urban bicycling in Milwaukee, Portland, and Minneapolis has been trailed by systemic issues of racism, classism, and displacement.  On hand to MC the event and lead the discussion afterwards will be desegregation activist and Morgan professor Lawrence Brown. Call 443-602-7585.  RSVP at

To be continued.

Donations can be sent to the Baltimore Nonviolence Center, 325 E. 25th St., Baltimore, MD 21218.  Ph: 410-323-1607; Email: mobuszewski [at] Go to

"The master class has always declared the wars; the subject class has always fought the battles. The master class has had all to gain and nothing to lose, while the subject class has had nothing to gain and everything to lose--especially their lives." Eugene Victor Debs

Friday, April 21, 2017

How Even a Slight Reduction in Meat Eating Takes a Big Burden off the Planet

Published on Alternet (

How Even a Slight Reduction in Meat Eating Takes a Big Burden off the Planet

By Brian Kateman [1] / TarcherPerigee [2]
April 19, 2017

The following is an adapted excerpt from the new book The Reducetarian Solution [3]: How the Surprisingly Simple Act of Reducing the Amount of Meat in Your Diet Can Transform Your Health and the Planet [4] by Brian Kateman (TarcherPerigee, April 2017):

  On a hot summer afternoon in Manhattan, my friend Tyler Alterman and I met for our weekly lunch. Tyler often writes at the Hungarian Pastry Shop, a cozy, dimly lit cafĂ© near my office at Columbia University, so we decided to meet on the steps of the Cathedral of Saint John the Divine just across the street. He noticed I had brought a chicken salad and was surprised by my choice. “Aren’t you a vegetarian?” he asked somewhat sheepishly. I explained to him that I wasn’t a vegetarian but was eating more plant-based meals and was gradually decreasing my meat consumption to improve my health. Tyler shared that he also had been cutting down on meat, for animal welfare reasons, but had difficulty explaining his efforts to others.

   From conversations that we’ve had with friends and colleagues, we realized we weren’t alone. There was a growing community of individuals who knew that large-scale meat production and consumption was responsible for a significant amount of global greenhouse gas emissions, for poor health, and for the suffering of animals. And yet they weren’t able or willing to completely eliminate meat from their diet. Some enjoyed the taste of meat; others didn’t want to make a drastic lifestyle change. So they took the advice of Michael Pollan: “Eat food. Not too much. Mostly plants.” They relied on useful strategies like Meatless Monday and Vegan Before 6 to eat less meat for the benefit of themselves and for their environment.

They knew eating less meat made a meaningful difference, but they still struggled to describe their eating choices, particularly to vegans and vegetarians, the modern day pioneers of abstaining from meat and animal products.
These individuals were not vegetarians or vegans or even on any particular diet. And while they knew of terms like semi-vegetarian and mostly vegetarian, they struggled to adopt them as identities because they were exclusive to people who primarily followed a plant-based diet and seemed morally weak and behaviorally inconsistent. It is true that these identities guide incredibly positive steps toward a more sustainable planet, but for many, they invoke negative associations, feelings of division, and moral incompatibility.

    Tyler and I realized there was a need for a term for people like us, people who take action to reduce their meat consumption, no matter the degree or motivation. After many brainstorming sessions, in the summer of 2014 we finally came up with the term reducetarian to describe a person who is simply committed to eating less meat. This is how the Reducetarian movement was born.

   Reducetarianism is an identity, a community, and a movement. It is composed of individuals who are committed to eating less meat—red meat, poultry, and seafood. It challenges the notion that the only way to reap the benefits of reducing meat consumption is to eliminate meat from our lives entirely and recognizes that people are at different stages of willingness and commitment to eating less meat.

   Reducetarianism is an identity, a community, and a movement. It is composed of individuals who are committed to eating less meat—red meat, poultry, and seafood. It challenges the notion that the only way to reap the benefits of reducing meat consumption is to eliminate meat from our lives entirely and recognizes that people are at different stages of willingness and commitment to eating less meat.

   Reducetarianism is inclusive in that vegans and vegetarians are also reducetarians because they too have reduced their meat consumption. It unites the growing community of individuals who are committed to eating less meat and ends what can sometimes feel like a battle among vegans, vegetarians, and all those reducing their consumption of meat. 
This new perspective provides everyone with a platform—not just vegans and vegetarians—to make small choices to eat less meat in their own lives and collectively to make huge differences in the world.

   With less meat and more fruits, vegetables, whole grains, and plant-based proteins such as beans and lentils, reducetarians live longer, healthier, and happier lives. Dr. Michael Orlich and colleagues of Loma Linda University found that among 73,308 Seventh-Day Adventist men and women, compared to typical omnivores, those who ate less meat had up to a 15 percent lower risk of death. In fact, eating less meat and more whole, plant-based foods is one of the lifestyle habits that unites the people living to 100 and beyond in hot spots of longevity—regions called Blue Zones. Reducetarians enjoy these benefits by setting manageable and therefore actionable goals to gradually eat less meat. For example, they may forego eating meat for lunch if they will have it for dinner, skip eating meat on Mondays, or eat it only on the weekends.

Reducetarians know that eating less meat is good not only for themselves but also for the well-being of animals and the planet. Did you know that the average American eats approximately 2,000 land animals in his or her lifetime, leading to the suffering of over 9 billion factory-farmed animals every year in the United States alone? The number of sea animals killed is so high that it's difficult to estimate. It’s pretty simple: The less meat we eat, the more animals we save. And along the way, reducetarians mitigate water scarcity and climate change issues. Dr. Arjen Y. Hoekstra of the University of Twente in the Netherlands found that diets consisting of less meat could reduce food-related water footprints by up to 36 percent. In a separate study, Dr. David Tilman and Mr. Michael Clark of the University of Minnesota calculated that eating more plant-based proteins could reduce greenhouse gas emissions by up to 55 percent. There’s no doubt about it—eating less meat and being a reducetarian is healthy, easy, and good.

   Your journey to a healthier, more environmentally friendly, and compassionate lifestyle begins today—and once you’ve discovered how easy and impactful it can be, you’ll want it to last forever.

This has been an adapted excerpt from the new book The Reducetarian Solution [3]: How the Surprisingly Simple Act of Reducing the Amount of Meat in Your Diet Can Transform Your Health and the Planet [4] by Brian Kateman, © Reducetarian Foundation Inc. Published by TarcherPerigee, an imprint of Penguin Random House LLC.

Brian Kateman is cofounder and president of the Reducetarian Foundation, a nonprofit organization dedicated to reducing meat consumption in order to create a healthy, sustainable and compassionate world. A TEDx speaker and leading expert on food systems and behavioral change, his work has appeared on Vox, The Atlantic, The Washington Post, National Geographic, and more. He is the author of The Reducetarian Solution[3].



Donations can be sent to the Baltimore Nonviolence Center, 325 E. 25th St., Baltimore, MD 21218.  Ph: 410-323-1607; Email: mobuszewski [at] Go to

"The master class has always declared the wars; the subject class has always fought the battles. The master class has had all to gain and nothing to lose, while the subject class has had nothing to gain and everything to lose--especially their lives." Eugene Victor Debs

Baltimore Activist Alert - April 21 - 29, 2017

46] Earth & Arbor Day – Apr. 21
47] Work, Organize, Struggle – Apr. 21
48] Peace vigil at White House – Apr. 21
49] WIB peace vigil – Apr. 21
50] Release Aging People in Prison meeting -- Apr. 21
51] Black Lives matter vigil -- Apr. 21
52] Film THE OTHER SIDE – Apr. 21
53] Film FINDING OSCAR -- Apr. 21
54] Human Rights Crisis in the Philippines – Apr. 21
55] Defending the Environment – Apr. 21
56] Catch Invisible Napsack Comedy Show -- Apr. 21
58] Meet the Cuba Friendshipment Caravans – Apr. 21
60] Holly Near concert – Apr. 21
61] Ballroom Dancing -- Apr. 21
62] March for Science – Apr. 22
63] March for Science in Annapolis – Apr. 22
64] West Chester peace vigil – Apr. 22
65] Cooking for Peace – Apr. 22
66] Rise & Rebuild – Apr. 22
67] Fundraiser for Palestine Children's Relief Fund – Apr. 22
68] DMV Monthly Spokes Council meeting – Apr. 22
69] South Asian Americans March for Justice – Apr. 22
70] Veterans for peace benefit – Apr. 22
71] Interested in getting involved in a Peace Trail  
72] Support the Wheeler family who lost their home in a fire
73] Sign up with Washington Peace Center
74] Donate books, videos, DVDs and records
75] Do you need any book shelves?
76] Join the Global Zero campaign
77] Join the Peace Park Antinuclear Vigil
46] – On Fri., Apr. 21 from 11 AM to 2 PM come to the Wilmington Celebrates Earth & Arbor Day in  Rodney Square. Visit Visitors to this annual rain-or-shine event will enjoy free native plants and other giveaways, while supplies last, dozens of vendors offering green products, services, and tips, food trucks selling lunches and more, live bluegrass music by Acoustic Turnpike, brought to you by Chemours and live radio broadcast.

47] -- Work, Organize, Struggle: Student Perspectives takes place at Pedro Arrupe SJ Hall, 3700 O St. NW, WDC, on Fri., Apr. 21 from noon to 6 PM, hosted by Kalmanovitz Initiative for Labor and the Working Poor.  Come for an undergraduate research conference featuring Georgetown student perspectives on issues of systematic violence, social justice, organizing, and radical thought. The keynote address will be offered by Dr. Donn Worgs, a distinguished political science professor and director of the African & African-American Studies Program at Towson University. A light lunch will be served. Visit

48] – On Fri., Apr. 21 from noon to 1 PM, join the Dorothy Day Catholic Worker in a vigil urging the powers that be to abolish war and torture, to disarm all weapons, to end indefinite detention, to close Guantanamo, to establish justice for all and help create the Beloved Community! This vigil will take place at the White House, 1600 Pennsylvania Ave. NW. Contract Art @ or at 202-360-6416. 

49] – On Fri., Apr. 21 from noon to 1 PM, join a Women in Black peace vigil. A vigil will take place in McKeldin Square at the corner of Light and Pratt Sts. Stay for as long as you can. Wear black. Dress for who knows what kind of weather. Bring your own poster or help with the "NO WAR IN MY NAME" banner.  When there are others to stand with, you don't need to carry the burden alone. Do this to be in solidarity with others....when everything around us says “Be afraid of the stranger.” Carpool and parking available. Just send an email that you need a ride [].  Peace signs will be available. 

50] – On Fri., Apr, 29 from 3 to 4:15 PM, D.C. Release Aging People in Prison [RAPP] will hold a meeting at the BF Senior Wellness Center, 3531 Georgia Ave., WDC 20010.  The group is working together with other campaigns, groups, and organizations to take on the crucial issue of people aging and dying in prison without justification. There are elderly DC prisoners who are trapped in the federal prison system due to denials of parole, compassionate release, and clemency. Come out to the next coalition meeting to learn more about this issue; DCRAPP plans to usher in change; and learn how you can become involved in the campaign. Email or go to

51] – There is usually a silent vigil on Fridays, from 5 to 6 PM, sponsored by Homewood Friends Meeting, outside the Homewood Friends Meetinghouse, 3107 N. Charles St.  The next scheduled vigil is on Apr. 21. Black Lives Matter/"Taxes for peace, not war."  

52] – See a screening of “The Other Side” at the Motion Picture Association of America, 1600 I St. NW, WDC,  on Fri., Apr. 21 from 5:30 to 8 PM, hosted by Asian Pacific American Institute for Congressional Studies (APAICS).  The film is the product of a trip around the country that Joe, the creator of the film, took with his dog Charlie. Joe had a hunch that how angry we are at each other politically is caused, at least in part, by a lack of understanding. To see if he was right, Joe sold his car, bought an old van, took a break from pursuing the acting thing in Los Angeles and travelled around the US interviewing conservatives, trying to understand “the other side.” “The Other Side: A Liberal Democrat Explores Conservative America” is the product of that journey. Visit  There will be a reception starting at 5:30 PM. Following the screening at 6:10 PM, a discussion will be held between Joe and APAICS President & CEO, Floyd Mori. The event is free and open to the public. RSVP at  Connect here

53] – See FINDING OSCAR, a film about a massacre in Guatemala, at 2301 M St. NW, WDC, on Fri., Apr. 21 from 6 to 11 PM, hosted by Steve Alfaro. In a forgotten massacre during Guatemala’s decades-long civil war, a young boy was spared, only to be raised by one of the very soldiers who killed his family. Nearly 30 years after the tragedy, it will take a dedicated team – from a forensic scientist to a young Guatemalan prosecutor – to uncover the truth and bring justice to those responsible…by finding the missing boy named Oscar.  See

54] – Human Rights Crisis in the Philippines: A People's Aspiration for a Just Peace will take place at St. Stephen & the Incarnation Episcopal Church, 1525 Newton St. NW, WDC, on Fri., Apr. 21 from 6 to 8:30 PM, co-hosted by the Washington Peace Center, DC Justice for Muslims Coalition, GABRIELA DC, and the International Coalition for Human Rights in the Philippines. The purpose of the forum is to provide an overview of the human rights situation in the country and expose the conditions of political prisoners and indigenous peoples, like the Lumad, to the international community in Washington, D.C. Raise the level of awareness and understanding of the ongoing peace negotiations between the Government of the Republic of the Philippines (GRP) and the National Democratic Front of the Philippines (NDFP).  As Trump’s regime continues to criminalize immigrants, Muslims, women, and minority groups in the U.S., there is an urgent need to strengthen people to people movements for justice and true freedom. Peace Tour 2017 will feature Cristina Palabay of Karapatan Alliance for the Advancement of People’s Rights, Dulphing Ogan of Kalumaran Alliance of Indigenous People Organizations in Mindanao, Josephine Pagalan of Kasalo Indigenous People’s Organization, Atty. Edre Olalia, legal consultant for the Peace Negotiating Panel of the NDFP in the Peace Talks with the Philippine government, and Christopher Hamera, a Global Mission Fellow of the General Board of Global Ministries of the United Methodist Church working with the Initiatives for Peace in Mindanao, serving Lumad children.

55] – Defending the Environment in the Age of Trump will happen at the Justice Center, 617 Florida Ave. NW, WDC, on Fri., Apr. 21 from 7 to 9 PM, hosted by the Party for Socialism and Liberation (PSL).  The question of how to avoid environmental catastrophe has never been more urgent. Sea levels are rising, threatening to displace millions of people and destroy countless homes. Rainfall is becoming increasingly unpredictable, raising food insecurity. Plant and animal species are more threatened every day, endangering entire ecosystems.  Yet, Trump’s answer is to cut funding for research and science. The budget would gut the Environmental Protection Agency, including programs addressing climate change and pollution. The budget for nuclear weapons, however, continues to soar.  As people around the country mobilize for what is expected to be a massive People's Climate March on April 29, the most the capitalist media says we can do is to make small lifestyle choices like changing our light bulbs or buying new, expensive appliances. These small changes cannot address the titanic threat facing people around the world because of climate change. The only path steering clear from certain climate disaster is a dramatic change in the organization of our economy. See

56] – Catch Invisible Napsack Comedy Show at The Potter's House, 1658 Columbia Rd. NW, WDC, on Fri., Apr. 21 from 7 to 8:30 PM.  Invisible Knapsack makes people laugh while also speaking to truths about the most pressing social justice issues of our time. A subversive improv comedy show named for Peggy McIntosh’s seminal article unpacking the daily effects of white privilege, Invisible Knapsack aims to unpack, examine, and scramble the harmful “isms” and power paradigms that exist in life and on stage. Visit

57] – See the film IMMIGRANTS FOR SALE at the Asian American Center, Frederick 21703, on Fri., Apr. 21 at 7 PM.  For anyone interested in the current immigration issue in our nation and our community, view also "Pursuing the Dream, followed by discussion. Go to  The documentaries are from Brave New Film.

58] – Baltimore-Matanzas Association and Friends of Latin America (Formerly Howard County Friends of Latin America) [] is hosting Cuba Friendshipment Caravans on Fri., Apr. 21 from 7 to 9:30 PM at the Hosteling International Baltimore, 17 West Mulberry St., Baltimore 21202.  Enjoy dinner and a talk What is Cuba Like? Enjoy a night of simple Cuban-style food and discussion about what Cuba is like. Gail Walker, Executive Director of IFCO/Pastors for Peace, will speak. She worked with IFCO from 1987-2002 as the Director of Communications and co-lead the 1988 IFCO delegation to Nicaragua that resulted in the formation of the Pastors for Peace project. During her 15 years at IFCO she led a number of delegations to Central America and Cuba and staffed countless Cuba Friendshipment caravans. After years of working as a journalist and communications professional in print, video and radio, Gail returned to IFCO as Director in 2011. Under her direction IFCO staff have organized several US-Cuba Friendshipment caravans and educational delegations to Cuba. IFCO has also continued to facilitate the process of dozens of US students to study medicine in Cuba under full scholarship and to expand its role as a fiscal sponsor for grassroots organizations working for social justice. The event is free but donations are appreciated. Contact Frank (410-262-8818), Carol (410-948-6456), or Leslie (410-718-0630).  Visit

59] –On Fri., Apr. 21 at 7:30 PM, there will be a screening at the Maryland Presbyterian Church, 1105 Providence Road, Towson 21286, of "This Changes Everything," a film about Naomi Klein.  A Meet & Greet begins at 7 PM with refreshments.  A panel discussion follows the film.  Call 410-825-0719 or go to

60] – On Fri., Apr. 21 at 7:30 PM Holly Near will perform Now More Than Ever, sponsored by Anna Crusis Women’s Choir at The Lutheran Church of the Holy Communion, 2110 Chestnut St., Philadelphia.  Go to

61] – There is an opportunity to participate in ballroom dancing, usually every Friday of the month, in the JHU ROTC Bldg. at  8 PM.  Turn south on San Martin Dr. from the intersection of Univ. Parkway and 39th St.  Drive on campus by taking the third left turn. The next dance will be Apr. 21. Call Dave Greene at 410-599-3725.

62] – On Sat., Apr. 22 at 8:30 AM buses will leave for the March for Science, Science, not silence from the  University of Delaware campus in Newark, DE.  The bus will return to the campus that evening. Tickets are $34 per person.  Go to  Visit

The March for Science Science-Earth Day features hundreds of local events across the country and around the world, including a rally and teach-in on the National Mall in Washington, D.C.  Go to  The mischaracterization of science as a partisan issue, which has given policymakers permission to reject overwhelming evidence, is a critical and urgent matter. It is time for people who support scientific research and evidence-based policies to take a public stand and be counted. The March for Science is an international movement with marches being planned in Washington, DC, across the United States and internationally. Find a march near you.

There is still room available from time to time at the CODEPINK activist house in DC. Perhaps you want to join the Scientists March on April 22 or the Climate March on April 29? Contact Paki at

63] – Join Chesapeake PSR on Sat., Apr. 22 at the March for Science in Annapolis for a show of resistance to the Trump administration's war on science. The march begins at 10 AM at Lawyers Mall on Bladen Street. Dr. Gwen DuBois and other Chesapeake PSR members will speak. For the past several months, we have been inundated with government plans, proposals and actions to dismantle basic protections to human health and the environment. These actions are being accompanied by a wholesale effort to defund and delegitimize independent scientific research. The assault on independent science is so widespread and systemic, it is hard to keep up with everything.  

But we know the big picture. The fossil fuel industry and other powerful financial interests are now saying, "Move over - we are in charge." Well, we are not moving over. We know that the pursuit of the truth and an informed population are the cornerstones of a successful democracy. That is why we are marching in Annapolis. Go to

64] – Each Saturday, 11 AM – 1 PM, Chester County Peace Movement holds a peace vigil in West Chester in front of the Chester County Courthouse, High & Market Sts. Go to Email

65] – Get over to the Workshop: Cooking for Peace (Vegan Cooking) at the Meditation Museum, 9525 Georgia Ave., Silver Spring, on Sat., Apr. 22 from 1:30 to 3 PM, hosted by Brahma Kumeris Meditation Museum.  Food influences our mental, spiritual and physical well-being, and the societies in which we live. Come and learn how food choices and food preparation affect our emotions, integrity and health and the ethical impact on animals and the environment. The workshop includes a discussion and vegan food preparation.  Contributions are appreciated. RSVP at Take the pledge for Veg Week 2017 at

66] –Rise and Rebuild: Confronting the Roots of Armed Conflict in the Philippines is happening at the Double Tree Hotel, 300 Army Navy Drive, Arlington, on Sat., Apr. 22 from 1:45 to 3:30 PM, hosted by Gabriela DC and Just Peace PH.  Join the International Coalition for Human Rights in the Philippines (ICHRP) and the Global Ministries (UCC/DOC) at the Ecumenical Advocacy Days - Asia Pacific Workshop event of the #JustPeacePH Peace Tour 2017. The Program will feature Filipino human rights experts and indigenous people who have survived the brunt of state-sponsored violence and political repression in the Philippines. Go to

67] – On Sat., Apr. 22 from 5 to 9 PM, there is an annual fundraiser for Palestine Children's Relief Fund Delaware Chapter at George Wilson Community Center, 303 New London Rd., Newark. Funds raised are for PCRF Pediatric Cardiac Program in Gaza. Contact

68] – The DMV Monthly Spokes Council is meeting at First Congregational UCC,  945 G St. NW, WDC, on Sat., Apr. 22 from 5:30 to 8:30 PM, hosted by Resist This. From 5:30 to 6 PM, there will be an orientation to the spokes council model for anyone who is coming to the spokes council for the first time or anyone who would like a refresher on the process. The spokes council will begin at 6 PM. RSVP and let Resist This know of any accessibility needs:

69] – United for Action: South Asian Americans March for Justice starting at Freedom Plaza, 14th St. NW and Pennsylvania Ave., WDC, on Sat., Apr. 22 from 6 to 8 PM.  Join South Asian Americans Leading Together (SAALT), the National Coalition of South Asian Organizations, and other partner and ally organizations for a rally and march demanding justice for communities. SAALT envisions a world free of policy and rhetoric driven by hate. The group demands immigrant justice, civil rights, and racial justice for all. March for the more than 450,000 undocumented South Asians who have been maligned and terrorized by the current political climate, for the more than 200 members of our community across the country who experienced incidents of hate during the 2016 presidential election cycle. They march for Deep Rai, Srinivas Kuchibhotla, Harnish Patel, and the communities that fear for their physical safety in a climate of rising intolerance. Visit

70] – There is a March for Veterans For Peace, a benefit show at Slash Run, 201 Upshur St. NW, WDC, on Sat., Apr. 22 from 10 to 11:45 PM.  All proceeds will go to Veterans For Peace.  Tickets are $7. See  "Veterans For Peace is an international organization made up of military veterans, military family members, and allies. We accept veteran members from all branches of service. We are dedicated to building a culture of peace, exposing the true costs of war, and healing the wounds of war. "

71] – Doug Retzler, 410-598-8409 0r, wrote this: "A close friend of mine, Dave Goldsmith, put in an inquiry last Fall with the state about putting up a historic marker at the site of the Catonsville 9 action. He's supposed to get word back about it by this summer.   His initiating that idea made me start thinking about creating a series of sites in focus as a "Peace Trail"-  activist activities & sites in promotion of human rights, environmental justice & peace -The Patapsco C.O. camp building a hydroelectric generator  in 1941 seems another good candidate."  If you have any interest in getting involved in this project, contact Doug.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   72] – Activists Joyce and Tim Wheeler now live in Sequim, Washington, but their son, Morgan and his family have lived in the Wheeler’s Baltimore home, 816 Beaumont Avenue for some time.  Tragically, at 3 AM on February 4, the home was burned beyond recognition.  Morgan was able to get his family out, but the house and its contents are totally destroyed.  Morgan's daughter, Erin, has created a Go Fund Me page which you can access below.  Anything you are able to contribute to support Morgan and his family would be greatly appreciated. Go to 


 - Description:

73] -- The Washington Peace Center has a progressive calendar & activist alert! Consider signing up to receive its weekly email:

74] -- If you would like to get rid of books, videos, DVDs or records, contact Max at 410-323-1607 or mobuszewski at

75] -- Can you use any book shelves? Contact Max at 410-366-1637 or mobuszewski at

76] -- Join an extraordinary global campaign for the elimination of nuclear weapons: A growing group of leaders around the world is calling for the elimination of nuclear weapons and a majority of the global public agrees.  This is an historic window of opportunity.  With momentum already building in favor of Zero, a major show of support from people around the world could tip the balance. When it comes to nuclear weapons, one is one too many.

77] – A Peace Park Antinuclear Vigil takes place every day in Lafayette Park, 1601 Pennsylvania Ave. NW, 24 hours a day, since June 3, 1981. Go to; call 202-682-4282.

Donations can be sent to the Baltimore Nonviolence Center, 325 E. 25th St., Baltimore, MD 21218.  Ph: 410-366-1637; Email: mobuszewski [at] Go to

“One is called to live nonviolently, even if the change one works for seems impossible. It may or may not be possible to turn the US around through nonviolent revolution. But one thing favors such an attempt: the total inability of violence to change anything for the better" - Daniel Berrigan